File:  [gforth] / gforth / kernel / xchars.fs
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Mon Dec 31 15:25:19 2012 UTC (9 years, 9 months ago) by anton
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
updated copyright year

\ extended characters (either 8bit or UTF-8, possibly other encodings)
\ and their fixed-size variant

\ Copyright (C) 2005,2006,2007,2008,2011,2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

\ This file is part of Gforth.

\ Gforth is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
\ modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
\ as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3
\ of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

\ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
\ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
\ GNU General Public License for more details.

\ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
\ along with this program. If not, see

\ We can do some of these (and possibly faster) by just using the
\ utf-8 words with an appropriate setting of max-single-byte, but I
\ like to see how an 8bit setting without UTF-8 stuff looks like.

Defer xemit ( xc -- ) \ xchar-ext
\G Prints an xchar on the terminal.
Defer xkey ( -- xc ) \ xchar-ext
\G Reads an xchar from the terminal. This will discard all input
\G events up to the completion of the xchar.
Defer xchar+ ( xc-addr1 -- xc-addr2 ) \ xchar-ext
\G Adds the size of the xchar stored at @var{xc-addr1} to this address,
\G giving @var{xc-addr2}.
Defer xchar- ( xc-addr1 -- xc-addr2 ) \ xchar-ext
\G Goes backward from @var{xc_addr1} until it finds an xchar so that
\G the size of this xchar added to @var{xc_addr2} gives
\G @var{xc_addr1}.
Defer +x/string ( xc-addr1 u1 -- xc-addr2 u2 ) \ xchar	plus-x-slash-string
\G Step forward by one xchar in the buffer defined by address
\G @var{xc-addr1}, size @var{u1} pchars. @var{xc-addr2} is the address
\G and u2 the size in pchars of the remaining buffer after stepping
\G over the first xchar in the buffer.
Defer x\string- ( xc-addr1 u1 -- xc-addr1 u2 ) \ xchar	x-back-string-minus
\G Step backward by one xchar in the buffer defined by address
\G @var{xc-addr1} and size @var{u1} in pchars, starting at the end of
\G the buffer. @var{xc-addr1} is the address and @var{u2} the size in
\G pchars of the remaining buffer after stepping backward over the
\G last xchar in the buffer.
Defer xc@ ( xc-addr -- xc ) \ xchar-ext	xc-fetch
\G Fetchs the xchar @var{xc} at @var{xc-addr1}.
Defer xc!+ ( xc xc-addr1 -- xc-addr2 ) \ xchar-ext	xc-store
\G Stores the xchar @var{xc} at @var{xc-addr1}. @var{xc-addr2} is the next
\G unused address in the buffer.
Defer xc!+? ( xc xc-addr1 u1 -- xc-addr2 u2 f ) \ xchar-ext	xc-store-plus-query
\G Stores the xchar @var{xc} into the buffer starting at address
\G @var{xc-addr1}, @var{u1} pchars large. @var{xc-addr2} points to the
\G first memory location after @var{xc}, @var{u2} is the remaining
\G size of the buffer. If the xchar @var{xc} did fit into the buffer,
\G @var{f} is true, otherwise @var{f} is false, and @var{xc-addr2}
\G @var{u2} equal @var{xc-addr1} @var{u1}. XC!+?  is safe for buffer
\G overflows, and therefore preferred over XC!+.
Defer xc@+ ( xc-addr1 -- xc-addr2 xc ) \ xchar-ext	xc-fetch-plus
\G Fetchs the xchar @var{xc} at @var{xc-addr1}. @var{xc-addr2} points
\G to the first memory location after @var{xc}.
Defer xc-size ( xc -- u ) \ xchar-ext
\G Computes the memory size of the xchar @var{xc} in pchars.
Defer x-size ( xc-addr u1 -- u2 ) \ xchar
\G Computes the memory size of the first xchar stored at @var{xc-addr}
\G in pchars.
Defer x-width ( xc-addr u -- n ) \ xchar-ext
\G @var{n} is the number of monospace ASCII pchars that take the same
\G space to display as the the xchar string starting at @var{xc-addr},
\G using @var{u} pchars; assuming a monospaced display font,
\G i.e. pchar width is always an integer multiple of the width of an
\G ASCII pchar.
Defer -trailing-garbage ( xc-addr u1 -- addr u2 ) \ xchar-ext
\G Examine the last XCHAR in the buffer @var{xc-addr} @var{u1}---if
\G the encoding is correct and it repesents a full pchar, @var{u2}
\G equals @var{u1}, otherwise, @var{u2} represents the string without
\G the last (garbled) xchar.

\ derived words, faster implementations are probably possible

: x@+/string ( xc-addr1 u1 -- xc-addr2 u2 xc )
    \ !! check for errors?
    over >r +x/string
    r> xc@ ;

: xhold ( xc -- )
    \G Put xc into the pictured numeric output
    dup xc-size negate chars holdptr +!
    holdptr @ dup holdbuf u< -&17 and throw
    8 xc!+? 2drop drop ;

: xc, ( xchar -- ) here unused xc!+? 2drop dp ! ;

\ fixed-size versions of these words

: char- ( c-addr1 -- c-addr2 )
    [ 1 chars ] literal - ;

: +string ( c-addr1 u1 -- c-addr2 u2 )
    1 /string ;
: string- ( c-addr1 u1 -- c-addr1 u2 )
    1- ;

: c!+ ( c c-addr1 -- c-addr2 )
    dup 1+ >r c! r> ;

: c!+? ( c c-addr1 u1 -- c-addr2 u2 f )
    dup 1 chars u< if \ or use < ?
	rot drop false
	>r dup >r c!
	r> r> 1 /string true
    then ;

: c-size ( c -- 1 )
    drop 1 ;

: set-encoding-fixed-width ( -- )
    ['] emit is xemit
    ['] key is xkey
    ['] char+ is xchar+
    ['] char- is xchar-
    ['] +string is +x/string
    ['] string- is x\string-
    ['] c@ is xc@
    ['] c!+ is xc!+
    ['] c!+? is xc!+?
    ['] count is xc@+
    ['] c-size is xc-size
    ['] c-size is x-size
    ['] nip IS x-width
    ['] noop is -trailing-garbage

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