File:  [gforth] / gforth / kernel / comp.fs
Revision 1.54: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Sun Mar 9 15:17:05 2003 UTC (18 years, 5 months ago) by anton
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: v0-6-1, v0-6-0, HEAD
updated copyright years

\ compiler definitions						14sep97jaw

\ Copyright (C) 1995,1996,1997,1998,2000,2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

\ This file is part of Gforth.

\ Gforth is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
\ modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
\ as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
\ of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

\ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
\ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
\ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
\ GNU General Public License for more details.

\ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
\ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
\ Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111, USA.

\ \ Revisions-Log

\	put in seperate file				14sep97jaw	

\ \ here allot , c, A,						17dec92py

[IFUNDEF] allot
[IFUNDEF] forthstart
: allot ( n -- ) \ core
    dup unused u> -8 and throw
    dp +! ;
[THEN]
[THEN]

\ we default to this version if we have nothing else 05May99jaw
[IFUNDEF] allot
: allot ( n -- ) \ core
    \G Reserve @i{n} address units of data space without
    \G initialization. @i{n} is a signed number, passing a negative
    \G @i{n} releases memory.  In ANS Forth you can only deallocate
    \G memory from the current contiguous region in this way.  In
    \G Gforth you can deallocate anything in this way but named words.
    \G The system does not check this restriction.
    here +
    dup 1- usable-dictionary-end forthstart within -8 and throw
    dp ! ;
[THEN]

: c,    ( c -- ) \ core c-comma
    \G Reserve data space for one char and store @i{c} in the space.
    here 1 chars allot c! ;

: ,     ( w -- ) \ core comma
    \G Reserve data space for one cell and store @i{w} in the space.
    here cell allot  ! ;

: 2,	( w1 w2 -- ) \ gforth
    \G Reserve data space for two cells and store the double @i{w1
    \G w2} there, @i{w2} first (lower address).
    here 2 cells allot 2! ;

\ : aligned ( addr -- addr' ) \ core
\     [ cell 1- ] Literal + [ -1 cells ] Literal and ;

: align ( -- ) \ core
    \G If the data-space pointer is not aligned, reserve enough space to align it.
    here dup aligned swap ?DO  bl c,  LOOP ;

\ : faligned ( addr -- f-addr ) \ float f-aligned
\     [ 1 floats 1- ] Literal + [ -1 floats ] Literal and ; 

: falign ( -- ) \ float f-align
    \G If the data-space pointer is not float-aligned, reserve
    \G enough space to align it.
    here dup faligned swap
    ?DO
	bl c,
    LOOP ;

: maxalign ( -- ) \ gforth
    \G Align data-space pointer for all alignment requirements.
    here dup maxaligned swap
    ?DO
	bl c,
    LOOP ;

\ the code field is aligned if its body is maxaligned
' maxalign Alias cfalign ( -- ) \ gforth
\G Align data-space pointer for code field requirements (i.e., such
\G that the corresponding body is maxaligned).

' , alias A, ( addr -- ) \ gforth

' NOOP ALIAS const

\ \ Header							23feb93py

\ input-stream, nextname and noname are quite ugly (passing
\ information through global variables), but they are useful for dealing
\ with existing/independent defining words

defer (header)
defer header ( -- ) \ gforth
' (header) IS header

: string, ( c-addr u -- ) \ gforth
    \G puts down string as cstring
    dup c, here swap chars dup allot move ;

: longstring, ( c-addr u -- ) \ gforth
    \G puts down string as cstring
    dup , here swap chars dup allot move ;

: header, ( c-addr u -- ) \ gforth
    name-too-long?
    dup max-name-length @ max max-name-length !
    align here last !
    current @ 1 or A,	\ link field; before revealing, it contains the
			\ tagged reveal-into wordlist
    longstring, cfalign
    alias-mask lastflags cset ;

: input-stream-header ( "name" -- )
    name name-too-short? header, ;

: input-stream ( -- )  \ general
    \G switches back to getting the name from the input stream ;
    ['] input-stream-header IS (header) ;

' input-stream-header IS (header)

2variable nextname-string

has? OS [IF]
: nextname-header ( -- )
    nextname-string 2@ header,
    nextname-string free-mem-var
    input-stream ;
[THEN]

\ the next name is given in the string

has? OS [IF]
: nextname ( c-addr u -- ) \ gforth
    \g The next defined word will have the name @var{c-addr u}; the
    \g defining word will leave the input stream alone.
    name-too-long?
    nextname-string free-mem-var
    save-mem nextname-string 2!
    ['] nextname-header IS (header) ;
[THEN]

: noname-header ( -- )
    0 last ! cfalign
    input-stream ;

: noname ( -- ) \ gforth
    \g The next defined word will be anonymous. The defining word will
    \g leave the input stream alone. The xt of the defined word will
    \g be given by @code{lastxt}.
    ['] noname-header IS (header) ;

: lastxt ( -- xt ) \ gforth
    \G @i{xt} is the execution token of the last word defined.
    \ The main purpose of this word is to get the xt of words defined using noname
    lastcfa @ ;

\ \ literals							17dec92py

: Literal  ( compilation n -- ; run-time -- n ) \ core
    \G Compilation semantics: compile the run-time semantics.@*
    \G Run-time Semantics: push @i{n}.@*
    \G Interpretation semantics: undefined.
[ [IFDEF] lit, ]
    lit,
[ [ELSE] ]
    postpone lit ,
[ [THEN] ] ; immediate restrict

: ALiteral ( compilation addr -- ; run-time -- addr ) \ gforth
[ [IFDEF] alit, ]
    alit,
[ [ELSE] ]
    postpone lit A, 
[ [THEN] ] ; immediate restrict

: char   ( '<spaces>ccc' -- c ) \ core
    \G Skip leading spaces. Parse the string @i{ccc} and return @i{c}, the
    \G display code representing the first character of @i{ccc}.
    bl word char+ c@ ;

: [char] ( compilation '<spaces>ccc' -- ; run-time -- c ) \ core bracket-char
    \G Compilation: skip leading spaces. Parse the string
    \G @i{ccc}. Run-time: return @i{c}, the display code
    \G representing the first character of @i{ccc}.  Interpretation
    \G semantics for this word are undefined.
    char postpone Literal ; immediate restrict

\ \ threading							17mar93py

: cfa,     ( code-address -- )  \ gforth	cfa-comma
    here
    dup lastcfa !
    0 A, 0 ,  code-address! ;

[IFUNDEF] compile,
defer compile, ( xt -- )	\ core-ext	compile-comma
\G  Compile the word represented by the execution token @i{xt}
\G  into the current definition.

' , is compile,
[THEN]

defer basic-block-end ( -- )

:noname ( -- )
    0 last-compiled ! ;
is basic-block-end

has? peephole [IF]

\ dynamic only    
: peephole-compile, ( xt -- )
    \ compile xt, appending its code to the current dynamic superinstruction
    here swap , compile-prim1 ;
    
\ static only
\  : peephole-compile, ( xt -- )
\      \ compile xt, possibly combining it with the previous compiled xt
\      \ into a superinstruction (static superinstructions)
\      last-compiled @ ?dup if
\  	@ over peeptable peephole-opt ?dup if
\  	    last-compiled @ ! drop EXIT
\  	then
\      then
\      here last-compiled !
\      dyn-compile, ;

\ combine greedy static with dynamic
\  : dyn-compile! ( xt -- )
\      \ compile xt, appending its code to the current dynamic superinstruction
\      last-compiled-here @ tuck ! compile-prim1 ;

\  :noname ( -- )
\      last-compiled @ if
\  	last-compiled @ dyn-compile!
\  	0 last-compiled !
\      then ;
\  is basic-block-end

\  : peephole-compile, ( xt -- )
\      \ compile xt, possibly combining it with the previous compiled xt
\      \ into a superinstruction (static superinstructions)
\      last-compiled @ ?dup if
\  	over peeptable peephole-opt ?dup if ( xt comb-xt )
\  	    last-compiled ! drop EXIT
\  	then ( xt )
\  	last-compiled @ dyn-compile!
\      then ( xt )
\      last-compiled !
\      here last-compiled-here ! 0 , ;

: compile-to-prims, ( xt -- )
    \G compile xt to use primitives (and their peephole optimization)
    \G instead of ","-ing the xt.
    \ !! all POSTPONEs here postpone primitives; this can be optimized
    dup >does-code if
	POSTPONE does-exec , EXIT
	\ dup >body POSTPONE literal POSTPONE call >does-code , EXIT
    then
    dup >code-address CASE
	docon:   OF >body POSTPONE lit@ , EXIT ENDOF
	\ docon:   OF >body POSTPONE literal POSTPONE @ EXIT ENDOF
	\ docon is also used by VALUEs, so don't @ at compile time
	docol:   OF >body POSTPONE call , EXIT ENDOF
	dovar:   OF >body POSTPONE literal EXIT ENDOF
	douser:  OF >body @ POSTPONE useraddr , EXIT ENDOF
	dodefer: OF >body POSTPONE lit-perform , EXIT ENDOF
	dofield: OF >body @ POSTPONE lit+ , EXIT ENDOF
	\ dofield: OF >body @ POSTPONE literal POSTPONE + EXIT ENDOF
	\ code words and ;code-defined words (code words could be optimized):
	dup in-dictionary? IF drop POSTPONE literal POSTPONE execute EXIT THEN
    ENDCASE
    peephole-compile, ;

' compile-to-prims, IS compile,
[ELSE]
' , is compile,
[THEN]

: !does    ( addr -- ) \ gforth	store-does
    lastxt does-code! ;

: (does>)  ( R: addr -- )
    r> cfaligned /does-handler + !does ;

: dodoes,  ( -- )
  cfalign here /does-handler allot does-handler! ;

: (compile) ( -- ) \ gforth
    r> dup cell+ >r @ compile, ;

\ \ ticks

: name>comp ( nt -- w xt ) \ gforth
    \G @i{w xt} is the compilation token for the word @i{nt}.
    (name>comp)
    1 = if
        ['] execute
    else
        ['] compile,
    then ;

: [(')]  ( compilation "name" -- ; run-time -- nt ) \ gforth bracket-paren-tick
    (') postpone ALiteral ; immediate restrict

: [']  ( compilation. "name" -- ; run-time. -- xt ) \ core      bracket-tick
    \g @i{xt} represents @i{name}'s interpretation
    \g semantics. Perform @code{-14 throw} if the word has no
    \g interpretation semantics.
    ' postpone ALiteral ; immediate restrict

: COMP'    ( "name" -- w xt ) \ gforth  comp-tick
    \g Compilation token @i{w xt} represents @i{name}'s compilation semantics.
    (') name>comp ;

: [COMP']  ( compilation "name" -- ; run-time -- w xt ) \ gforth bracket-comp-tick
    \g Compilation token @i{w xt} represents @i{name}'s compilation semantics.
    COMP' swap POSTPONE Aliteral POSTPONE ALiteral ; immediate restrict

: postpone, ( w xt -- ) \ gforth	postpone-comma
    \g Compile the compilation semantics represented by the
    \g compilation token @i{w xt}.
    dup ['] execute =
    if
	drop compile,
    else
	dup ['] compile, =
	if
	    drop POSTPONE (compile) a,
	else
	    swap POSTPONE aliteral compile,
	then
    then ;

: POSTPONE ( "name" -- ) \ core
    \g Compiles the compilation semantics of @i{name}.
    COMP' postpone, ; immediate

\ \ recurse							17may93jaw

: recurse ( compilation -- ; run-time ?? -- ?? ) \ core
    \g Call the current definition.
    lastxt compile, ; immediate restrict

\ \ compiler loop

: compiler ( c-addr u -- )
    2dup find-name dup
    if ( c-addr u nt )
	nip nip name>comp execute
    else
	drop
	2dup snumber? dup
	IF
	    0>
	    IF
		swap postpone Literal
	    THEN
	    postpone Literal
	    2drop
	ELSE
	    drop compiler-notfound
	THEN
    then ;

: [ ( -- ) \  core	left-bracket
    \G Enter interpretation state. Immediate word.
    ['] interpreter  IS parser state off ; immediate

: ] ( -- ) \ core	right-bracket
    \G Enter compilation state.
    ['] compiler     IS parser state on  ;

\ \ Strings							22feb93py

: S, ( addr u -- )
    \ allot string as counted string
    here over char+ allot  place align ;

: mem, ( addr u -- )
    \ allot the memory block HERE (do alignment yourself)
    here over allot swap move ;

: ," ( "string"<"> -- )
    [char] " parse s, ;

\ \ Header states						23feb93py

: cset ( bmask c-addr -- )
    tuck @ or swap ! ; 

: creset ( bmask c-addr -- )
    tuck @ swap invert and swap ! ; 

: ctoggle ( bmask c-addr -- )
    tuck @ xor swap ! ; 

: lastflags ( -- c-addr )
    \ the address of the flags byte in the last header
    \ aborts if the last defined word was headerless
    last @ dup 0= abort" last word was headerless" cell+ ;

: immediate ( -- ) \ core
    \G Make the compilation semantics of a word be to @code{execute}
    \G the execution semantics.
    immediate-mask lastflags cset ;

: restrict ( -- ) \ gforth
    \G A synonym for @code{compile-only}
    restrict-mask lastflags cset ;

' restrict alias compile-only ( -- ) \ gforth
\G Remove the interpretation semantics of a word.

\ \ Create Variable User Constant                        	17mar93py

: Alias    ( xt "name" -- ) \ gforth
    Header reveal
    alias-mask lastflags creset
    dup A, lastcfa ! ;

doer? :dovar [IF]

: Create ( "name" -- ) \ core
    Header reveal dovar: cfa, ;
[ELSE]

: Create ( "name" -- ) \ core
    Header reveal here lastcfa ! 0 A, 0 , DOES> ;
[THEN]

: Variable ( "name" -- ) \ core
    Create 0 , ;

: AVariable ( "name" -- ) \ gforth
    Create 0 A, ;

: 2Variable ( "name" -- ) \ double two-variable
    create 0 , 0 , ;

: uallot ( n -- ) \ gforth
    udp @ swap udp +! ;

doer? :douser [IF]

: User ( "name" -- ) \ gforth
    Header reveal douser: cfa, cell uallot , ;

: AUser ( "name" -- ) \ gforth
    User ;
[ELSE]

: User Create cell uallot , DOES> @ up @ + ;

: AUser User ;
[THEN]

doer? :docon [IF]
    : (Constant)  Header reveal docon: cfa, ;
[ELSE]
    : (Constant)  Create DOES> @ ;
[THEN]

: Constant ( w "name" -- ) \ core
    \G Define a constant @i{name} with value @i{w}.
    \G  
    \G @i{name} execution: @i{-- w}
    (Constant) , ;

: AConstant ( addr "name" -- ) \ gforth
    (Constant) A, ;

: Value ( w "name" -- ) \ core-ext
    (Constant) , ;

: AValue ( w "name" -- ) \ core-ext
    (Constant) A, ;

: 2Constant ( w1 w2 "name" -- ) \ double two-constant
    Create ( w1 w2 "name" -- )
        2,
    DOES> ( -- w1 w2 )
        2@ ;
    
doer? :dofield [IF]
    : (Field)  Header reveal dofield: cfa, ;
[ELSE]
    : (Field)  Create DOES> @ + ;
[THEN]

\ \ interpret/compile:

struct
    >body
    cell% field interpret/compile-int
    cell% field interpret/compile-comp
end-struct interpret/compile-struct

: interpret/compile: ( interp-xt comp-xt "name" -- ) \ gforth
    Create immediate swap A, A,
DOES>
    abort" executed primary cfa of an interpret/compile: word" ;
\    state @ IF  cell+  THEN  perform ;

\ IS Defer What's Defers TO                            24feb93py

doer? :dodefer [IF]

: Defer ( "name" -- ) \ gforth
    \ !! shouldn't it be initialized with abort or something similar?
    Header Reveal dodefer: cfa,
    ['] noop A, ;

[ELSE]

: Defer ( "name" -- ) \ gforth
    Create ['] noop A,
DOES> @ execute ;

[THEN]

: Defers ( compilation "name" -- ; run-time ... -- ... ) \ gforth
    \G Compiles the present contents of the deferred word @i{name}
    \G into the current definition.  I.e., this produces static
    \G binding as if @i{name} was not deferred.
    ' >body @ compile, ; immediate

:noname
    dodoes, here !does ]
    defstart :-hook ;
:noname
    ;-hook ?struc
    [ has? xconds [IF] ] exit-like [ [THEN] ]
    postpone (does>) dodoes,
    defstart :-hook ;
interpret/compile: DOES>  ( compilation colon-sys1 -- colon-sys2 ; run-time nest-sys -- ) \ core        does

: <IS> ( "name" xt -- ) \ gforth
    \g Changes the @code{defer}red word @var{name} to execute @var{xt}.
    ' >body ! ;

: [IS] ( compilation "name" -- ; run-time xt -- ) \ gforth bracket-is
    \g At run-time, changes the @code{defer}red word @var{name} to
    \g execute @var{xt}.
    ' >body postpone ALiteral postpone ! ; immediate restrict

' <IS>
' [IS]
interpret/compile: IS ( xt "name" -- ) \ gforth
\G A combined word made up from @code{<IS>} and @code{[IS]}.

' <IS>
' [IS]
interpret/compile: TO ( w "name" -- ) \ core-ext

:noname    ' >body @ ;
:noname    ' >body postpone ALiteral postpone @ ;
interpret/compile: What's ( interpretation "name" -- xt; compilation "name" -- ; run-time -- xt ) \ gforth
\G @i{Xt} is the XT that is currently assigned to @i{name}.

: interpret/compile? ( xt -- flag )
    >does-code ['] DOES> >does-code = ;

\ \ : ;                                                  	24feb93py

defer :-hook ( sys1 -- sys2 )

defer ;-hook ( sys2 -- sys1 )

0 Constant defstart

[IFDEF] docol,
: (:noname) ( -- colon-sys )
    \ common factor of : and :noname
    docol, ]comp
[ELSE]
: (:noname) ( -- colon-sys )
    \ common factor of : and :noname
    docol: cfa,
[THEN]
    defstart ] :-hook ;

: : ( "name" -- colon-sys ) \ core	colon
    Header (:noname) ;

: :noname ( -- xt colon-sys ) \ core-ext	colon-no-name
    0 last !
    cfalign here (:noname) ;

[IFDEF] fini,
: ; ( compilation colon-sys -- ; run-time nest-sys ) \ core   semicolon
    ;-hook ?struc fini, comp[ reveal postpone [ ; immediate restrict
[ELSE]
: ; ( compilation colon-sys -- ; run-time nest-sys ) \ core	semicolon
    ;-hook ?struc [compile] exit finish-code reveal postpone [ ; immediate restrict
[THEN]

\ \ Search list handling: reveal words, recursive		23feb93py

: last?   ( -- false / nfa nfa )
    last @ ?dup ;

: (reveal) ( nt wid -- )
    wordlist-id dup >r
    @ over ( name>link ) ! 
    r> ! ;

\ make entry in wordlist-map
' (reveal) f83search reveal-method !

Variable warnings ( -- addr ) \ gforth
G -1 warnings T !

: check-shadow  ( addr count wid -- )
    \G prints a warning if the string is already present in the wordlist
    >r 2dup 2dup r> (search-wordlist) warnings @ and ?dup if
	>stderr
	." redefined " name>string 2dup type
	str= 0= if
	    ."  with " type
	else
	    2drop
	then
	space space EXIT
    then
    2drop 2drop ;

: reveal ( -- ) \ gforth
    last?
    if \ the last word has a header
	dup ( name>link ) @ 1 and
	if \ it is still hidden
	    dup ( name>link ) @ 1 xor		( nt wid )
	    2dup >r name>string r> check-shadow ( nt wid )
	    dup wordlist-map @ reveal-method perform
	else
	    drop
	then
    then ;

: rehash  ( wid -- )
    dup wordlist-map @ rehash-method perform ;

' reveal alias recursive ( compilation -- ; run-time -- ) \ gforth
\g Make the current definition visible, enabling it to call itself
\g recursively.
	immediate restrict

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