Node:Heap Allocation, Next:Memory Access, Previous:Dictionary allocation, Up:Memory
Heap allocation supports deallocation of allocated memory in any order. Dictionary allocation is not affected by it (i.e., it does not end a contiguous region). In Gforth, these words are implemented using the standard C library calls malloc(), free() and resize().
The memory region produced by one invocation of
resize is internally contiguous. There is no contiguity between
such a region and any other region (including others allocated from the
Allocate u address units of contiguous data space. The initial contents of the data space is undefined. If the allocation is successful, a-addr is the start address of the allocated region and wior is 0. If the allocation fails, a-addr is undefined and wior is a non-zero I/O result code.
allocateu -- a-addr wior memory ``allocate''
Return the region of data space starting at a-addr to the system. The region must originally have been obtained using
freea-addr -- wior memory ``free''
resize. If the operational is successful, wior is 0. If the operation fails, wior is a non-zero I/O result code.
Change the size of the allocated area at a-addr1 to u address units, possibly moving the contents to a different area. a-addr2 is the address of the resulting area. If the operation is successful, wior is 0. If the operation fails, wior is a non-zero I/O result code. If a-addr1 is 0, Gforth's (but not the Standard)
resizea-addr1 u -- a-addr2 wior memory ``resize''
allocates u address units.