Diff for /gforth/prims2x.fs between versions 1.14 and 1.117

version 1.14, 1995/02/23 20:17:23 version 1.117, 2002/10/04 19:17:05
Line 1 Line 1
 \ This is not very nice (hard limits, no checking, assumes 1 chars = 1)  \ converts primitives to, e.g., C code 
   
   \ Copyright (C) 1995,1996,1997,1998,2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   
   \ This file is part of Gforth.
   
   \ Gforth is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   \ modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
   \ as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
   \ of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
   
   \ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   \ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   \ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   \ GNU General Public License for more details.
   
   \ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   \ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   \ Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
   
   
   \ This is not very nice (hard limits, no checking, assumes 1 chars = 1).
   \ And it grew even worse when it aged.
   
 \ Optimizations:  \ Optimizations:
 \ superfluous stores are removed. GCC removes the superfluous loads by itself  \ superfluous stores are removed. GCC removes the superfluous loads by itself
Line 18 Line 40
 \ add the store optimization for doubles  \ add the store optimization for doubles
 \ regarding problem 1 above: It would be better (for over) to implement  \ regarding problem 1 above: It would be better (for over) to implement
 \       the alternative  \       the alternative
   \ store optimization for combined instructions.
   
   \ Design Uglyness:
   
   \ - global state (values, variables) in connection with combined instructions.
   
   \ - index computation is different for instruction-stream and the
   \ stacks; there are two mechanisms for dealing with that
   \ (stack-in-index-xt and a test for stack==instruction-stream); there
   \ should be only one.
   
 warnings off  warnings off
   
 [IFUNDEF] vocabulary    include search-order.fs [THEN]  [IFUNDEF] try
 [IFUNDEF] environment?  include environ.fs      [THEN]  include startup.fs
 include gray.fs  [THEN]
   
   : struct% struct ; \ struct is redefined in gray
   
 100 constant max-effect \ number of things on one side of a stack effect  warnings off
 4096 constant batch-size \ no meaning, just make sure it's >0  \ warnings on
   
   include ./gray.fs
   32 constant max-effect \ number of things on one side of a stack effect
   4 constant max-stacks  \ the max. number of stacks (including inst-stream).
 255 constant maxchar  255 constant maxchar
 maxchar 1+ constant eof-char  maxchar 1+ constant eof-char
 9 constant tab-char  #tab constant tab-char
 10 constant nl-char  #lf constant nl-char
   
 : read-whole-file ( c-addr1 file-id -- c-addr2 )  variable rawinput \ pointer to next character to be scanned
 \ reads the contents of the file file-id puts it into memory at c-addr1  variable endrawinput \ pointer to the end of the input (the char after the last)
 \ c-addr2 is the first address after the file block  variable cookedinput \ pointer to the next char to be parsed
   begin ( c-addr file-id )  variable line \ line number of char pointed to by input
     2dup batch-size swap read-file   variable line-start \ pointer to start of current line (for error messages)
     if  0 line !
       true abort" I/O error"  2variable filename \ filename of original input file
     endif  0 0 filename 2!
     ( c-addr file-id actual-size ) rot over + -rot  2variable out-filename \ filename of the output file (for sync lines)
     batch-size <>  0 0 out-filename 2!
   until  2variable f-comment
   drop ;  0 0 f-comment 2!
   variable skipsynclines \ are sync lines ("#line ...") invisible to the parser?
 variable input \ pointer to next character to be parsed  skipsynclines on
 variable endinput \ pointer to the end of the input (the char after the last)  variable out-nls \ newlines in output (for output sync lines)
   0 out-nls !
   variable store-optimization \ use store optimization?
   store-optimization off
   
   variable include-skipped-insts
   \ does the threaded code for a combined instruction include the cells
   \ for the component instructions (true) or only the cells for the
   \ inline arguments (false)
   include-skipped-insts off
   
   : th ( addr1 n -- addr2 )
       cells + ;
   
   : holds ( addr u -- )
       \ like HOLD, but for a string
       tuck + swap 0 +do
           1- dup c@ hold
       loop
       drop ;
   
   : insert-wordlist { c-addr u wordlist xt -- }
       \ adds name "addr u" to wordlist using defining word xt
       \ xt may cause additional stack effects
       get-current >r wordlist set-current
       c-addr u nextname xt execute
       r> set-current ;
   
 : start ( -- addr )  : start ( -- addr )
  input @ ;   cookedinput @ ;
   
 : end ( addr -- addr u )  : end ( addr -- addr u )
  input @ over - ;   cookedinput @ over - ;
   
 variable output \ xt ( -- ) of output word  : print-error-line ( -- )
       \ print the current line and position
       line-start @ endrawinput @ over - 2dup nl-char scan drop nip ( start end )
       over - type cr
       line-start @ rawinput @ over - typewhite ." ^" cr ;
   
   : ?print-error { f addr u -- }
       f ?not? if
           outfile-id >r try
               stderr to outfile-id
               filename 2@ type ." :" line @ 0 .r ." : " addr u type cr
               print-error-line
               0
           recover endtry
           r> to outfile-id throw
           1 (bye) \ abort
       endif ;
   
   : quote ( -- )
       [char] " emit ;
   
   \ count output lines to generate sync lines for output
   
   : count-nls ( addr u -- )
       bounds u+do
           i c@ nl-char = negate out-nls +!
       loop ;
   
   :noname ( addr u -- )
       2dup count-nls
       defers type ;
   is type
   
   variable output          \ xt ( -- ) of output word for simple primitives
   variable output-combined \ xt ( -- ) of output word for combined primitives
   
   struct%
       cell%    field stack-number \ the number of this stack
       cell% 2* field stack-pointer \ stackpointer name
       cell%    field stack-type \ name for default type of stack items
       cell%    field stack-in-index-xt \ ( in-size item -- in-index )
   end-struct stack%
   
   struct%
    cell% 2* field item-name   \ name, excluding stack prefixes
    cell%    field item-stack  \ descriptor for the stack used, 0 is default
    cell%    field item-type   \ descriptor for the item type
    cell%    field item-offset \ offset in stack items, 0 for the deepest element
    cell%    field item-first  \ true if this is the first occurence of the item
   end-struct item%
   
   struct%
       cell% 2* field type-c-name
       cell%    field type-stack \ default stack
       cell%    field type-size  \ size of type in stack items
       cell%    field type-fetch \ xt of fetch code generator ( item -- )
       cell%    field type-store \ xt of store code generator ( item -- )
   end-struct type%
   
   variable next-stack-number 0 next-stack-number !
   create stacks max-stacks cells allot \ array of stacks
   
   : stack-in-index ( in-size item -- in-index )
       item-offset @ - 1- ;
   
   : inst-in-index ( in-size item -- in-index )
       nip dup item-offset @ swap item-type @ type-size @ + 1- ;
   
   : make-stack ( addr-ptr u1 type "stack-name" -- )
       next-stack-number @ max-stacks < s" too many stacks" ?print-error
       create stack% %allot >r
       r@ stacks next-stack-number @ th !
       next-stack-number @ r@ stack-number !
       1 next-stack-number +!
       r@ stack-type !
       save-mem r@ stack-pointer 2! 
       ['] stack-in-index r> stack-in-index-xt ! ;
   
   : map-stacks { xt -- }
       \ perform xt for all stacks except inst-stream
       next-stack-number @ 1 +do
           stacks i th @ xt execute
       loop ;
   
   \ stack items
   
   : init-item ( addr u addr1 -- )
       \ initialize item at addr1 with name addr u
       \ !! remove stack prefix
       dup item% %size erase
       item-name 2! ;
   
   : map-items { addr end xt -- }
       \ perform xt for all items in array addr...end
       end addr ?do
           i xt execute
       item% %size +loop ;
   
   \ types
   
 : printprim ( -- )  : print-type-prefix ( type -- )
  output @ execute ;      body> >head name>string type ;
   
 : field  \ various variables for storing stuff of one primitive
  <builds-field ( n1 n2 -- n3 )  
  does>         ( addr1 -- addr2 )  struct%
    @ + ;      cell% 2* field prim-name
       cell% 2* field prim-wordset
 : const-field      cell% 2* field prim-c-name
  <builds-field ( n1 n2 -- n3 )      cell% 2* field prim-doc
  does>         ( addr -- w )      cell% 2* field prim-c-code
    @ + @ ;      cell% 2* field prim-forth-code
       cell% 2* field prim-stack-string
 struct      cell%    field prim-num            \ ordinal number
  2 cells field item-name      cell%    field prim-items-wordlist \ unique items
  cell field item-d-offset      item% max-effect * field prim-effect-in
  cell field item-f-offset      item% max-effect * field prim-effect-out
  cell field item-type      cell%    field prim-effect-in-end
 constant item-descr      cell%    field prim-effect-out-end
       cell% max-stacks * field prim-stacks-in  \ number of in items per stack
 2variable forth-name      cell% max-stacks * field prim-stacks-out \ number of out items per stack
 2variable wordset  end-struct prim%
 2variable c-name  
 2variable doc  : make-prim ( -- prim )
 2variable c-code      prim% %alloc { p }
 2variable forth-code      s" " p prim-doc 2! s" " p prim-forth-code 2! s" " p prim-wordset 2!
 2variable stack-string      p ;
 create effect-in  max-effect item-descr * allot  
 create effect-out max-effect item-descr * allot  0 value prim     \ in combined prims either combined or a part
 variable effect-in-end ( pointer )  0 value combined \ in combined prims the combined prim
 variable effect-out-end ( pointer )  variable in-part \ true if processing a part
 2variable effect-in-size   in-part off
 2variable effect-out-size  
   1000 constant max-combined
 variable primitive-number -10 primitive-number !  create combined-prims max-combined cells allot
   variable num-combined
 \ for several reasons stack items of a word are stored in a wordlist  
 \ since neither forget nor marker are implemented yet, we make a new  : map-combined { xt -- }
 \ wordlist for every word and store it in the variable items      \ perform xt for all components of the current combined instruction
 variable items      num-combined @ 0 +do
           combined-prims i th @ xt execute
       loop ;
   
   table constant combinations
     \ the keys are the sequences of pointers to primitives
   
   create current-depth max-stacks cells allot
   create max-depth     max-stacks cells allot
   create min-depth     max-stacks cells allot
   
   wordlist constant primitives
   
   : create-prim ( prim -- )
       dup prim-name 2@ primitives ['] constant insert-wordlist ;
   
   : stack-in ( stack -- addr )
       \ address of number of stack items in effect in
       stack-number @ cells prim prim-stacks-in + ;
   
   : stack-out ( stack -- addr )
       \ address of number of stack items in effect out
       stack-number @ cells prim prim-stacks-out + ;
   
   \ global vars
   variable c-line
   2variable c-filename
   variable name-line
   2variable name-filename
   2variable last-name-filename
   Variable function-number 0 function-number !
   
 \ a few more set ops  \ a few more set ops
   
Line 105  variable items Line 297  variable items
 : complement ( set1 -- set2 )  : complement ( set1 -- set2 )
  empty ['] bit-equivalent binary-set-operation ;   empty ['] bit-equivalent binary-set-operation ;
   
 \ the parser  \ stack access stuff
   
 eof-char max-member \ the whole character set + EOF  
   
 : getinput ( -- n )  
  input @  
  dup endinput @ =  
  if  
    drop eof-char  
  else  
    c@  
  endif ;  
   
 :noname ( n -- )  
  dup bl > if  
   emit space  
  else  
   .  
  endif ;  
 print-token !  
   
 : testchar? ( set -- f )  
  getinput member? ;  
 ' testchar? test-vector !  
   
 : ?nextchar ( f -- )  
  ?not? if  
    ." syntax error" cr  
    getinput . cr  
    input @ endinput @ over - 100 min type cr  
    abort  
  endif  
  input @ endinput @ <> if  
    1 input +!  
  endif ;  
   
 : charclass ( set "name" -- )  
  ['] ?nextchar terminal ;  
   
 : .. ( c1 c2 -- set )  
  ( creates a set that includes the characters c, c1<=c<=c2 )  
  empty copy-set  
  swap 1+ rot do  
   i over add-member  
  loop ;  
   
 : ` ( -- terminal ) ( use: ` c )  
  ( creates anonymous terminal for the character c )  
  [compile] ascii singleton ['] ?nextchar make-terminal ;  
   
 char a char z ..  char A char Z ..  union char _ singleton union  charclass letter  : normal-stack-access ( n stack -- )
 char 0 char 9 ..                                        charclass digit      stack-pointer 2@ type
 bl singleton                                            charclass blank      dup
 tab-char singleton                                      charclass tab      if
 nl-char singleton eof-char over add-member complement   charclass nonl          ." [" 0 .r ." ]"
 nl-char singleton eof-char over add-member char : over add-member complement  charclass nocolonnl      else
 bl 1+ maxchar ..                                        charclass nowhite          drop ." TOS"
 char " singleton eof-char over add-member complement    charclass noquote      endif ;
 nl-char singleton                                       charclass nl  
 eof-char singleton                                      charclass eof  \ forward declaration for inst-stream (breaks cycle in definitions)
   defer inst-stream-f ( -- stack )
   
 (( letter (( letter || digit )) **  : part-stack-access { n stack -- }
 )) <- c-name ( -- )      \ print _<stack><x>, x=inst-stream? n : maxdepth-currentdepth-n-1
       ." _" stack stack-pointer 2@ type
 nowhite ++      stack stack-number @ { stack# }
 <- name ( -- )      current-depth stack# th @ n + { access-depth }
       stack inst-stream-f = if
 (( ` \ nonl ** nl          access-depth
 )) <- comment ( -- )      else
           combined prim-stacks-in stack# th @
 (( {{ effect-in }} (( {{ start }} c-name {{ end 2 pick item-name 2! item-descr + }} blank ** )) ** {{ effect-in-end ! }}          assert( dup max-depth stack# th @ = )
    ` - ` - blank **          access-depth - 1-
    {{ effect-out }} (( {{ start }} c-name {{ end 2 pick item-name 2! item-descr + }} blank ** )) ** {{ effect-out-end ! }}      endif
 )) <- stack-effect ( -- )      0 .r ;
   
 (( {{ s" " doc 2! s" " forth-code 2! }}  
    (( comment || nl )) **  
    (( {{ start }} name {{ end 2dup forth-name 2! c-name 2! }}  tab ++  
       {{ start }} stack-effect {{ end stack-string 2! }} tab ++  
         {{ start }} name {{ end wordset 2! }} tab **  
         (( {{ start }}  c-name {{ end c-name 2! }} )) ??  nl  
    ))  
    (( ` " ` "  {{ start }} (( noquote ++ ` " )) ++ {{ end 1- doc 2! }} ` " nl )) ??  
    {{ start }} (( nocolonnl nonl **  nl )) ** {{ end c-code 2! }}  
    (( ` :  nl  
       {{ start }} (( nonl ++  nl )) ++ {{ end forth-code 2! }}  
    )) ??  
    (( nl || eof ))  
 )) <- primitive ( -- )  
   
 (( (( primitive {{ printprim }} )) **  eof ))  
 parser primitives2something  
 warnings @ [IF]  
 .( parser generated ok ) cr  
 [THEN]  
   
 : primfilter ( file-id xt -- )  
 \ fileid is for the input file, xt ( -- ) is for the output word  
  output !  
  here input !  
  here swap read-whole-file  
  dup endinput !  
  here - allot  
  align  
  primitives2something ;  
   
 \ types  
   
 struct  : stack-access ( n stack -- )
  2 cells field type-c-name      \ print a stack access at index n of stack
  cell const-field type-d-size      in-part @ if
  cell const-field type-f-size          part-stack-access
  cell const-field type-fetch-handler      else
  cell const-field type-store-handler          normal-stack-access
 constant type-description      endif ;
   
 : data-stack-access ( n1 n2 n3 -- )  : item-in-index { item -- n }
 \ n1 is the offset of the accessed item, n2, n3 are effect-*-size      \ n is the index of item (in the in-effect)
  drop swap - 1- dup      item item-stack @ dup >r stack-in @ ( in-size r:stack )
  if      item r> stack-in-index-xt @ execute ;
    ." sp[" 0 .r ." ]"  
  else  
    drop ." TOS"  
  endif ;  
   
 : fp-stack-access ( n1 n2 n3 -- )  : item-stack-type-name ( item -- addr u )
 \ n1 is the offset of the accessed item, n2, n3 are effect-*-size      item-stack @ stack-type @ type-c-name 2@ ;
  nip swap - 1- dup  
  if  
    ." fp[" 0 .r ." ]"  
  else  
    drop ." FTOS"  
  endif ;  
   
 : fetch-single ( item -- )  : fetch-single ( item -- )
  >r      \ fetch a single stack item from its stack
  r@ item-name 2@ type      >r
  ."  = ("       ." vm_" r@ item-stack-type-name type
  r@ item-type @ type-c-name 2@ type ." ) "      ." 2" r@ item-type @ print-type-prefix ." ("
  r@ item-d-offset @ effect-in-size 2@ data-stack-access ." ;" cr      r@ item-in-index r@ item-stack @ stack-access ." ,"
  rdrop ;       r@ item-name 2@ type
       ." );" cr
       rdrop ; 
   
 : fetch-double ( item -- )  : fetch-double ( item -- )
  >r      \ fetch a double stack item from its stack
  r@ item-name 2@ type       >r
  ." = ({Double_Store _d; _d.cells.low = "      ." vm_two"
  r@ item-d-offset @ dup    effect-in-size 2@ data-stack-access      r@ item-stack-type-name type ." 2"
  ." ; _d.cells.high = " 1+ effect-in-size 2@ data-stack-access      r@ item-type @ print-type-prefix ." ("
  ." ; _d.dcell;});" cr      r@ item-in-index r@ item-stack @ 2dup ." (Cell)" stack-access
  rdrop ;      ." , "                      -1 under+ ." (Cell)" stack-access
       ." , " r@ item-name 2@ type
 : fetch-float ( item -- )      ." )" cr
  >r      rdrop ;
  r@ item-name 2@ type  
  ."  = "  
  \ ." (" r@ item-type @ type-c-name 2@ type ." ) "  
  r@ item-f-offset @ effect-in-size 2@ fp-stack-access ." ;" cr  
  rdrop ;  
   
 : d-same-as-in? ( item -- f )  : same-as-in? ( item -- f )
 \ f is true iff the offset of item is the same as on input   \ f is true iff the offset and stack of item is the same as on input
  >r   >r
  r@ item-name 2@ items @ search-wordlist 0=   r@ item-first @ if
  abort" bug"       rdrop false exit
    endif
    r@ item-name 2@ prim prim-items-wordlist @ search-wordlist 0= abort" bug"
  execute @   execute @
  dup r@ =   dup r@ =
  if \ item first appeared in output   if \ item first appeared in output
    drop false     drop false
  else   else
    item-d-offset @ r@ item-d-offset @ =     dup  item-stack  @ r@ item-stack  @ = 
      swap item-offset @ r@ item-offset @ = and
  endif   endif
  rdrop ;   rdrop ;
   
 : is-in-tos? ( item -- f )  : item-out-index ( item -- n )
 \ true if item has the same offset as the input TOS      \ n is the index of item (in the in-effect)
  item-d-offset @ 1+ effect-in-size 2@ drop = ;      >r r@ item-stack @ stack-out @ r> item-offset @ - 1- ;
   
 : really-store-single ( item -- )  : really-store-single ( item -- )
  >r      >r
  r@ item-d-offset @ effect-out-size 2@ data-stack-access ."  = (Cell)"      ." vm_"
  r@ item-name 2@ type ." ;"      r@ item-type @ print-type-prefix ." 2"
  rdrop ;      r@ item-stack-type-name type ." ("
       r@ item-name 2@ type ." ,"
       r@ item-out-index r@ item-stack @ stack-access ." );"
       rdrop ;
   
 : store-single ( item -- )  : store-single ( item -- )
  >r      >r
  r@ d-same-as-in?      store-optimization @ r@ same-as-in? and if
  if          r@ item-in-index 0= r@ item-out-index 0= xor if
    r@ is-in-tos?              ." IF_" r@ item-stack @ stack-pointer 2@ type
    if              ." TOS(" r@ really-store-single ." );" cr
      ." IF_TOS(" r@ really-store-single ." );" cr          endif
    endif      else
  else          r@ really-store-single cr
    r@ really-store-single cr      endif
  endif      rdrop ;
  rdrop ;  
   
 : store-double ( item -- )  : store-double ( item -- )
 \ !! store optimization is not performed, because it is not yet needed  \ !! store optimization is not performed, because it is not yet needed
  >r   >r
  ." {Double_Store _d; _d.dcell = " r@ item-name 2@ type ." ; "   ." vm_"
  r@ item-d-offset @ dup    effect-out-size 2@ data-stack-access    r@ item-type @ print-type-prefix ." 2two"
  ."  = _d.cells.low; " 1+ effect-out-size 2@ data-stack-access   r@ item-stack-type-name type ." ("
  ." = _d.cells.high;}" cr   r@ item-name 2@ type ." , "
  rdrop ;   r@ item-out-index r@ item-stack @ 2dup stack-access
    ." , "                       -1 under+ stack-access
 : f-same-as-in? ( item -- f )   ." )" cr
 \ f is true iff the offset of item is the same as on input  
  >r  
  r@ item-name 2@ items @ search-wordlist 0=  
  abort" bug"  
  execute @  
  dup r@ =  
  if \ item first appeared in output  
    drop false  
  else  
    item-f-offset @ r@ item-f-offset @ =  
  endif  
  rdrop ;  
   
 : is-in-ftos? ( item -- f )  
 \ true if item has the same offset as the input TOS  
  item-f-offset @ 1+ effect-in-size 2@ nip = ;  
   
 : really-store-float ( item -- )  
  >r  
  r@ item-f-offset @ effect-out-size 2@ fp-stack-access ."  = "  
  r@ item-name 2@ type ." ;"  
  rdrop ;   rdrop ;
   
 : store-float ( item -- )  : single ( -- xt1 xt2 n )
  >r      ['] fetch-single ['] store-single 1 ;
  r@ f-same-as-in?  
  if  
    r@ is-in-ftos?  
    if  
      ." IF_FTOS(" r@ really-store-float ." );" cr  
    endif  
  else  
    r@ really-store-float cr  
  endif  
  rdrop ;  
    
 : single-type ( -- xt1 xt2 n1 n2 )  
  ['] fetch-single ['] store-single 1 0 ;  
   
 : double-type ( -- xt1 xt2 n1 n2 )  : double ( -- xt1 xt2 n )
  ['] fetch-double ['] store-double 2 0 ;      ['] fetch-double ['] store-double 2 ;
   
 : float-type ( -- xt1 xt2 n1 n2 )  
  ['] fetch-float ['] store-float 0 1 ;  
   
 : s, ( addr u -- )  : s, ( addr u -- )
 \ allocate a string  \ allocate a string
  here swap dup allot move ;   here swap dup allot move ;
   
 : starts-with ( addr u xt1 xt2 n1 n2 "prefix" -- )  wordlist constant prefixes
 \ describes a type  
 \ addr u specifies the C type name  
 \ n1 is the size of the type on the data stack  
 \ n2 is the size of the type on the FP stack  
 \ stack effect entries of the type start with prefix  
  >r >r >r >r  
  dup >r here >r s,  
  create  
  r> r> 2,  
  r> r> r> , r> , swap , , ;  
   
 wordlist constant types  
 get-current  
 types set-current  
   
 s" Bool"        single-type starts-with f  
 s" Char"        single-type starts-with c  
 s" Cell"        single-type starts-with n  
 s" Cell"        single-type starts-with w  
 s" UCell"       single-type starts-with u  
 s" DCell"       double-type starts-with d  
 s" UDCell"      double-type starts-with ud  
 s" Float"       float-type  starts-with r  
 s" Cell *"      single-type starts-with a_  
 s" Char *"      single-type starts-with c_  
 s" Float *"     single-type starts-with f_  
 s" DFloat *"    single-type starts-with df_  
 s" SFloat *"    single-type starts-with sf_  
 s" Xt"          single-type starts-with xt  
 s" WID"         single-type starts-with wid  
 s" F83Name *"   single-type starts-with f83name  
   
 set-current  
   
 : get-type ( addr1 u1 -- type-descr )  
 \ get the type of the name in addr1 u1  
 \ type-descr is a pointer to a type-descriptor  
  0 swap ?do  
    dup i types search-wordlist  
    if \ ok, we have the type ( addr1 xt )  
      execute nip  
      UNLOOP EXIT  
    endif  
  -1 s+loop  
  \ we did not find a type, abort  
  true abort" unknown type prefix" ;  
   
 : declare ( addr "name" -- )  : declare ( addr "name" -- )
 \ remember that there is a stack item at addr called name  \ remember that there is a stack item at addr called name
  create , ;   create , ;
   
   : !default ( w addr -- )
       dup @ if
           2drop \ leave nonzero alone
       else
           !
       endif ;
   
   : create-type { addr u xt1 xt2 n stack -- } ( "prefix" -- )
       \ describes a type
       \ addr u specifies the C type name
       \ stack effect entries of the type start with prefix
       create type% %allot >r
       addr u save-mem r@ type-c-name 2!
       xt1   r@ type-fetch !
       xt2   r@ type-store !
       n     r@ type-size !
       stack r@ type-stack !
       rdrop ;
   
   : type-prefix ( addr u xt1 xt2 n stack "prefix" -- )
       get-current >r prefixes set-current
       create-type r> set-current
   does> ( item -- )
       \ initialize item
       { item typ }
       typ item item-type !
       typ type-stack @ item item-stack !default
       item item-name 2@ prim prim-items-wordlist @ search-wordlist 0= if
           item item-name 2@ nextname item declare
           item item-first on
           \ typ type-c-name 2@ type space type  ." ;" cr
       else
           drop
           item item-first off
       endif ;
   
   : execute-prefix ( item addr1 u1 -- )
       \ execute the word ( item -- ) associated with the longest prefix
       \ of addr1 u1
       0 swap ?do
           dup i prefixes search-wordlist
           if \ ok, we have the type ( item addr1 xt )
               nip execute
               UNLOOP EXIT
           endif
           -1 s+loop
       \ we did not find a type, abort
       false s" unknown prefix" ?print-error ;
   
 : declaration ( item -- )  : declaration ( item -- )
  dup item-name 2@ items @ search-wordlist      dup item-name 2@ execute-prefix ;
  if \ already declared ( item xt )  
    execute @ item-type @ swap item-type !  
  else ( addr )  
    dup item-name 2@ nextname dup declare ( addr )  
    dup >r item-name 2@ 2dup get-type ( addr1 u type-descr )  
    dup r> item-type ! ( addr1 u type-descr )  
    type-c-name 2@ type space type ." ;" cr  
  endif ;  
   
 : declaration-list ( addr1 addr2 -- )  : declaration-list ( addr1 addr2 -- )
  swap ?do      ['] declaration map-items ;
   i declaration  
  item-descr +loop ;  
   
 : fetch ( addr -- )  
  dup item-type @ type-fetch-handler execute ;  
   
 : declarations ( -- )  : declarations ( -- )
  wordlist dup items ! set-current   wordlist dup prim prim-items-wordlist ! set-current
  effect-in effect-in-end @ declaration-list   prim prim-effect-in prim prim-effect-in-end @ declaration-list
  effect-out effect-out-end @ declaration-list ;   prim prim-effect-out prim prim-effect-out-end @ declaration-list ;
   
   : print-declaration { item -- }
       item item-first @ if
           item item-type @ type-c-name 2@ type space
           item item-name 2@ type ." ;" cr
       endif ;
   
   : print-declarations ( -- )
       prim prim-effect-in  prim prim-effect-in-end  @ ['] print-declaration map-items
       prim prim-effect-out prim prim-effect-out-end @ ['] print-declaration map-items ;
       
   : stack-prefix ( stack "prefix" -- )
       get-current >r prefixes set-current
       name tuck nextname create ( stack length ) 2,
       r> set-current
   does> ( item -- )
       2@ { item stack prefix-length }
       item item-name 2@ prefix-length /string item item-name 2!
       stack item item-stack !
       item declaration ;
   
   \ types pointed to by stacks for use in combined prims
   \ !! output-c-combined shouldn't use these names!
   : stack-type-name ( addr u "name" -- )
       single 0 create-type ;
   
   wordlist constant type-names \ this is here just to meet the requirement
                       \ that a type be a word; it is never used for lookup
   
   : stack ( "name" "stack-pointer" "type" -- )
       \ define stack
       name { d: stack-name }
       name { d: stack-pointer }
       name { d: stack-type }
       get-current type-names set-current
       stack-type 2dup nextname stack-type-name
       set-current
       stack-pointer lastxt >body stack-name nextname make-stack ;
   
   stack inst-stream IP Cell
   ' inst-in-index inst-stream stack-in-index-xt !
   ' inst-stream <is> inst-stream-f
   \ !! initialize stack-in and stack-out
   
 \ offset computation  \ offset computation
 \ the leftmost (i.e. deepest) item has offset 0  \ the leftmost (i.e. deepest) item has offset 0
 \ the rightmost item has the highest offset  \ the rightmost item has the highest offset
   
 : compute-offset ( n1 n2 item -- n3 n4 )  : compute-offset { item xt -- }
 \ n1, n3 are data-stack-offsets      \ xt specifies in/out; update stack-in/out and set item-offset
 \ n2, n4 are the fp-stack-offsets      item item-type @ type-size @
  >r      item item-stack @ xt execute dup @ >r +!
  swap dup r@ item-d-offset !      r> item item-offset ! ;
  r@ item-type @ type-d-size +  
  swap dup r@ item-f-offset !  
  r@ item-type @ type-f-size +  
  rdrop ;  
   
 : compute-list ( addr1 addr2 -- n1 n2 )  : compute-offset-in ( addr1 addr2 -- )
 \ n1, n2 are the final offsets      ['] stack-in compute-offset ;
  0 0 2swap swap ?do  
   i compute-offset  : compute-offset-out ( addr1 addr2 -- )
  item-descr +loop ;      ['] stack-out compute-offset ;
   
   : clear-stack { -- }
       dup stack-in off stack-out off ;
   
 : compute-offsets ( -- )  : compute-offsets ( -- )
  effect-in effect-in-end @ compute-list effect-in-size 2!      ['] clear-stack map-stacks
  effect-out effect-out-end @ compute-list effect-out-size 2! ;      inst-stream clear-stack
       prim prim-effect-in  prim prim-effect-in-end  @ ['] compute-offset-in  map-items
       prim prim-effect-out prim prim-effect-out-end @ ['] compute-offset-out map-items
       inst-stream stack-out @ 0= s" # can only be on the input side" ?print-error ;
   
   : process-simple ( -- )
       prim prim { W^ key } key cell
       combinations ['] constant insert-wordlist
       declarations compute-offsets
       output @ execute ;
   
   : flush-a-tos { stack -- }
       stack stack-out @ 0<> stack stack-in @ 0= and
       if
           ." IF_" stack stack-pointer 2@ 2dup type ." TOS("
           2dup type ." [0] = " type ." TOS);" cr
       endif ;
   
 : flush-tos ( -- )  : flush-tos ( -- )
  effect-in-size 2@ effect-out-size 2@      ['] flush-a-tos map-stacks ;
  0<> rot 0= and  
  if  : fill-a-tos { stack -- }
    ." IF_FTOS(fp[0] = FTOS);" cr      stack stack-out @ 0= stack stack-in @ 0<> and
  endif      if
  0<> swap 0= and          ." IF_" stack stack-pointer 2@ 2dup type ." TOS("
  if          2dup type ." TOS = " type ." [0]);" cr
    ." IF_TOS(sp[0] = TOS);" cr      endif ;
  endif ;  
   
 : fill-tos ( -- )  : fill-tos ( -- )
  effect-in-size 2@ effect-out-size 2@      \ !! inst-stream for prefetching?
  0= rot 0<> and      ['] fill-a-tos map-stacks ;
  if  
    ." IF_FTOS(FTOS = fp[0]);" cr  : fetch ( addr -- )
  endif      dup item-type @ type-fetch @ execute ;
  0= swap 0<> and  
  if  
    ." IF_TOS(TOS = sp[0]);" cr  
  endif ;  
   
 : fetches ( -- )  : fetches ( -- )
  effect-in-end @ effect-in ?do      prim prim-effect-in prim prim-effect-in-end @ ['] fetch map-items ;
    i fetch  
  item-descr +loop ;   : stack-pointer-update { stack -- }
       \ stack grow downwards
       stack stack-in @ stack stack-out @ -
       ?dup-if \ this check is not necessary, gcc would do this for us
           stack stack-pointer 2@ type ."  += " 0 .r ." ;" cr
       endif ;
   
   : inst-pointer-update ( -- )
       inst-stream stack-in @ ?dup-if
           ." INC_IP(" 0 .r ." );" cr
       endif ;
   
 : stack-pointer-updates ( -- )  : stack-pointer-updates ( -- )
 \ we need not check if an update is a noop; gcc does this for us      inst-pointer-update
  effect-in-size 2@      ['] stack-pointer-update map-stacks ;
  effect-out-size 2@  
  rot swap - ( d-in d-out f-diff )  
  rot rot - ( f-diff d-diff )  
  ?dup IF  ." sp += " 0 .r ." ;" cr  THEN  
  ?dup IF  ." fp += " 0 .r ." ;" cr  THEN ;  
   
 : store ( item -- )  : store ( item -- )
 \ f is true if the item should be stored  \ f is true if the item should be stored
 \ f is false if the store is probably not necessary  \ f is false if the store is probably not necessary
  dup item-type @ type-store-handler execute ;   dup item-type @ type-store @ execute ;
   
 : stores ( -- )  : stores ( -- )
  effect-out-end @ effect-out ?do      prim prim-effect-out prim prim-effect-out-end @ ['] store map-items ;
    i store  
  item-descr +loop ;   : print-debug-arg { item -- }
       ." fputs(" quote space item item-name 2@ type ." =" quote ." , vm_out); "
 : .stack-list ( start end -- )      ." printarg_" item item-type @ print-type-prefix
  swap ?do      ." (" item item-name 2@ type ." );" cr ;
    i item-name 2@ type space      
  item-descr +loop ;   : print-debug-args ( -- )
       ." #ifdef VM_DEBUG" cr
 : output-c ( -- )      ." if (vm_debug) {" cr
  ." I_" c-name 2@ type ." :     /* " forth-name 2@ type ."  ( " stack-string 2@ type ."  ) */" cr      prim prim-effect-in prim prim-effect-in-end @ ['] print-debug-arg map-items
  ." /* " doc 2@ type ."  */" cr  \    ." fputc('\n', vm_out);" cr
  ." NAME(" [char] " emit forth-name 2@ type [char] " emit ." )" cr \ debugging      ." }" cr
  ." {" cr      ." #endif" cr ;
  ." DEF_CA" cr  
  declarations  : print-debug-result { item -- }
  compute-offsets \ for everything else      item item-first @ if
  ." NEXT_P0;" cr          item print-debug-arg
  flush-tos      endif ;
  fetches  
  stack-pointer-updates  : print-debug-results ( -- )
  ." {" cr      cr
  c-code 2@ type      ." #ifdef VM_DEBUG" cr
  ." }" cr      ." if (vm_debug) {" cr
  ." NEXT_P1;" cr      ." fputs(" quote ."  -- " quote ." , vm_out); "
  stores      prim prim-effect-out prim prim-effect-out-end @ ['] print-debug-result map-items
  fill-tos      ." fputc('\n', vm_out);" cr
  ." NEXT_P2;" cr      ." }" cr
  ." }" cr      ." #endif" cr ;
  cr  
   : output-super-end ( -- )
       prim prim-c-code 2@ s" SET_IP" search if
           ." SUPER_END;" cr
       endif
       2drop ;
   
   : output-c-tail1 ( -- )
       \ the final part of the generated C code except LABEL2 and NEXT_P2
       output-super-end
       print-debug-results
       ." NEXT_P1;" cr
       stores
       fill-tos ;
   
   : output-c-tail ( -- )
       \ the final part of the generated C code, without LABEL2
       output-c-tail1
       ." NEXT_P2;" ;
   
   : output-c-tail2 ( -- )
       \ the final part of the generated C code, including LABEL2
       output-c-tail1
       ." LABEL2(" prim prim-c-name 2@ type ." )" cr
       ." NEXT_P2;" cr ;
   
   : type-c-code ( c-addr u xt -- )
       \ like TYPE, but replaces "INST_TAIL;" with tail code produced by xt
       { xt }
       ." {" cr
       ." #line " c-line @ . quote c-filename 2@ type quote cr
       begin ( c-addr1 u1 )
           2dup s" INST_TAIL;" search
       while ( c-addr1 u1 c-addr3 u3 )
           2dup 2>r drop nip over - type
           xt execute
           2r> 10 /string
           \ !! resync #line missing
       repeat
       2drop type
       ." #line " out-nls @ 2 + . quote out-filename 2@ type quote cr
       ." }" cr ;
   
   : print-entry ( -- )
       ." LABEL(" prim prim-c-name 2@ type ." )" ;
       
   : output-c ( -- ) 
       print-entry ."  /* " prim prim-name 2@ type ."  ( " prim prim-stack-string 2@ type ." ) */" cr
       ." /* " prim prim-doc 2@ type ."  */" cr
       ." NAME(" quote prim prim-name 2@ type quote ." )" cr \ debugging
       ." {" cr
       ." DEF_CA" cr
       print-declarations
       ." NEXT_P0;" cr
       flush-tos
       fetches
       print-debug-args
       stack-pointer-updates
       prim prim-c-code 2@ ['] output-c-tail type-c-code
       output-c-tail2
       ." }" cr
       cr
 ;  ;
   
 : output-label ( -- )  : disasm-arg { item -- }
  ." &&I_" c-name 2@ type ." ," cr ;      item item-stack @ inst-stream = if
           ." {" cr
           item print-declaration
           item fetch
           item print-debug-arg
           ." }" cr
       endif ;
   
   : disasm-args ( -- )
       prim prim-effect-in prim prim-effect-in-end @ ['] disasm-arg map-items ;
   
   : output-disasm ( -- )
       \ generate code for disassembling VM instructions
       ." if (VM_IS_INST(*ip, " function-number @ 0 .r ." )) {" cr
       ."   fputs(" quote prim prim-name 2@ type quote ." , vm_out);" cr
       disasm-args
       ."   ip += " inst-stream stack-in @ 1+ 0 .r ." ;" cr
       ."   goto _endif_;" cr
       ." }" cr ;
   
   : output-profile ( -- )
       \ generate code for postprocessing the VM block profile stuff
       ." if (VM_IS_INST(*ip, " function-number @ 0 .r ." )) {" cr
       ."   add_inst(b, " quote prim prim-name 2@ type quote ." );" cr
       ."   ip += " inst-stream stack-in @ 1+ 0 .r ." ;" cr
       prim prim-c-code 2@  s" SET_IP"    search nip nip
       prim prim-c-code 2@  s" SUPER_END" search nip nip or if
           ."   return;" cr
       else
           ."   goto _endif_;" cr
       endif
       ." }" cr ;
   
   : output-profile-part ( p )
       ."   add_inst(b, " quote
       prim-name 2@ type
       quote ." );" cr ;
       
   : output-profile-combined ( -- )
       \ generate code for postprocessing the VM block profile stuff
       ." if (VM_IS_INST(*ip, " function-number @ 0 .r ." )) {" cr
       ['] output-profile-part map-combined
       ."   ip += " inst-stream stack-in @ 1+ 0 .r ." ;" cr
       combined-prims num-combined @ 1- th @ prim-c-code 2@  s" SET_IP"    search nip nip
       combined-prims num-combined @ 1- th @ prim-c-code 2@  s" SUPER_END" search nip nip or if
           ."   return;" cr
       else
           ."   goto _endif_;" cr
       endif
       ." }" cr ;
   
 : output-alias ( -- )  : output-superend ( -- )
  primitive-number @ . ." alias " forth-name 2@ type cr      \ output flag specifying whether the current word ends a dynamic superinst
  -1 primitive-number +! ;      prim prim-c-code 2@  s" SET_IP"    search nip nip
       prim prim-c-code 2@  s" SUPER_END" search nip nip or 0<>
 : output-forth ( -- )      prim prim-c-code 2@  s" SUPER_CONTINUE" search nip nip 0= and
  forth-code @ 0=      negate 0 .r ." , /* " prim prim-name 2@ type ."  */" cr ;
  IF    output-alias  
  ELSE  ." : " forth-name 2@ type ."   ( "  : gen-arg-parm { item -- }
        effect-in effect-in-end @ .stack-list ." -- "      item item-stack @ inst-stream = if
        effect-out effect-out-end @ .stack-list ." )" cr          ." , " item item-type @ type-c-name 2@ type space
        forth-code 2@ type cr          item item-name 2@ type
        -1 primitive-number +!      endif ;
  THEN ;  
   : gen-args-parm ( -- )
       prim prim-effect-in prim prim-effect-in-end @ ['] gen-arg-parm map-items ;
   
   : gen-arg-gen { item -- }
       item item-stack @ inst-stream = if
           ."   genarg_" item item-type @ print-type-prefix
           ." (ctp, " item item-name 2@ type ." );" cr
       endif ;
   
   : gen-args-gen ( -- )
       prim prim-effect-in prim prim-effect-in-end @ ['] gen-arg-gen map-items ;
   
   : output-gen ( -- )
       \ generate C code for generating VM instructions
       ." void gen_" prim prim-c-name 2@ type ." (Inst **ctp" gen-args-parm ." )" cr
       ." {" cr
       ."   gen_inst(ctp, vm_prim[" function-number @ 0 .r ." ]);" cr
       gen-args-gen
       ." }" cr ;
   
   : stack-used? { stack -- f }
       stack stack-in @ stack stack-out @ or 0<> ;
   
   : output-funclabel ( -- )
     ." &I_" prim prim-c-name 2@ type ." ," cr ;
   
   : output-forthname ( -- )
     '" emit prim prim-name 2@ type '" emit ." ," cr ;
   
   \  : output-c-func ( -- )
   \  \ used for word libraries
   \      ." Cell * I_" prim prim-c-name 2@ type ." (Cell *SP, Cell **FP)      /* " prim prim-name 2@ type
   \      ."  ( " prim prim-stack-string 2@ type ."  ) */" cr
   \      ." /* " prim prim-doc 2@ type ."  */" cr
   \      ." NAME(" quote prim prim-name 2@ type quote ." )" cr
   \      \ debugging
   \      ." {" cr
   \      print-declarations
   \      \ !! don't know what to do about that
   \      inst-stream  stack-used? IF ." Cell *ip=IP;" cr THEN
   \      data-stack   stack-used? IF ." Cell *sp=SP;" cr THEN
   \      fp-stack     stack-used? IF ." Cell *fp=*FP;" cr THEN
   \      return-stack stack-used? IF ." Cell *rp=*RP;" cr THEN
   \      flush-tos
   \      fetches
   \      stack-pointer-updates
   \      fp-stack   stack-used? IF ." *FP=fp;" cr THEN
   \      ." {" cr
   \      ." #line " c-line @ . quote c-filename 2@ type quote cr
   \      prim prim-c-code 2@ type
   \      ." }" cr
   \      stores
   \      fill-tos
   \      ." return (sp);" cr
   \      ." }" cr
   \      cr ;
   
   : output-label ( -- )  
       ." INST_ADDR(" prim prim-c-name 2@ type ." )," cr ;
   
   : output-alias ( -- ) 
       ( primitive-number @ . ." alias " ) ." Primitive " prim prim-name 2@ type cr ;
   
   : output-prim-num ( -- )
       prim prim-num @ 8 + 4 .r space prim prim-name 2@ type cr ;
   
   : output-forth ( -- )  
       prim prim-forth-code @ 0=
       IF          \ output-alias
           \ this is bad for ec: an alias is compiled if tho word does not exist!
           \ JAW
       ELSE  ." : " prim prim-name 2@ type ."   ( "
           prim prim-stack-string 2@ type ." )" cr
           prim prim-forth-code 2@ type cr
       THEN ;
   
   : output-tag-file ( -- )
       name-filename 2@ last-name-filename 2@ compare if
           name-filename 2@ last-name-filename 2!
           #ff emit cr
           name-filename 2@ type
           ." ,0" cr
       endif ;
   
   : output-tag ( -- )
       output-tag-file
       prim prim-name 2@ 1+ type
       127 emit
       space prim prim-name 2@ type space
       1 emit
       name-line @ 0 .r
       ." ,0" cr ;
   
   : output-vi-tag ( -- )
       name-filename 2@ type #tab emit
       prim prim-name 2@ type #tab emit
       ." /^" prim prim-name 2@ type ."  *(/" cr ;
   
 [IFDEF] documentation  [IFDEF] documentation
 : register-doc ( -- )  : register-doc ( -- )
     get-current documentation set-current      prim prim-name 2@ documentation ['] create insert-wordlist
     forth-name 2@ nextname create      prim prim-name 2@ 2,
     forth-name 2@ 2,      prim prim-stack-string 2@ condition-stack-effect 2,
     stack-string 2@ 2,      prim prim-wordset 2@ 2,
     wordset 2@ 2,      prim prim-c-name 2@ condition-pronounciation 2,
     c-name 2@ 2,      prim prim-doc 2@ 2, ;
     doc 2@ 2,  
     set-current ;  
 [THEN]  [THEN]
   
 : process-file ( addr u xt -- )  
  >r r/o open-file abort" cannot open file"  
  warnings @ if  
  ." ------------ CUT HERE -------------" cr  endif  
  r> primfilter ;  
   
   \ combining instructions
   
   \ The input should look like this:
   
   \ lit_+ = lit +
   
   \ The output should look like this:
   
   \  I_lit_+:
   \  {
   \  DEF_CA
   \  Cell _x_ip0;
   \  Cell _x_sp0;
   \  Cell _x_sp1;
   \  NEXT_P0;
   \  _x_ip0 = (Cell) IPTOS;
   \  _x_sp0 = (Cell) spTOS;
   \  INC_IP(1);
   \  /* sp += 0; */
   \  /* lit ( #w -- w ) */
   \  /*  */
   \  NAME("lit")
   \  {
   \  Cell w;
   \  w = (Cell) _x_ip0;
   \  #ifdef VM_DEBUG
   \  if (vm_debug) {
   \  fputs(" w=", vm_out); printarg_w (w);
   \  fputc('\n', vm_out);
   \  }
   \  #endif
   \  {
   \  #line 136 "./prim"
   \  }
   \  _x_sp1 = (Cell)w;
   \  }
   \  I_plus:      /* + ( n1 n2 -- n ) */
   \  /*  */
   \  NAME("+")
   \  {
   \  DEF_CA
   \  Cell n1;
   \  Cell n2;
   \  Cell n;
   \  NEXT_P0;
   \  n1 = (Cell) _x_sp0;
   \  n2 = (Cell) _x_sp1;
   \  #ifdef VM_DEBUG
   \  if (vm_debug) {
   \  fputs(" n1=", vm_out); printarg_n (n1);
   \  fputs(" n2=", vm_out); printarg_n (n2);
   \  fputc('\n', vm_out);
   \  }
   \  #endif
   \  {
   \  #line 516 "./prim"
   \  n = n1+n2;
   \  }
   \  _x_sp0 = (Cell)n;
   \  }
   \  NEXT_P1;
   \  spTOS = (Cell)_x_sp0;
   \  NEXT_P2;
   
   : init-combined ( -- )
       prim to combined
       0 num-combined !
       current-depth max-stacks cells erase
       include-skipped-insts @ current-depth 0 th !
       max-depth     max-stacks cells erase
       min-depth     max-stacks cells erase
       prim prim-effect-in  prim prim-effect-in-end  !
       prim prim-effect-out prim prim-effect-out-end ! ;
   
   : max! ( n addr -- )
       tuck @ max swap ! ;
   
   : min! ( n addr -- )
       tuck @ min swap ! ;
   
   : inst-stream-correction ( nin1 nstack -- nin2 )
       0= if
           include-skipped-insts @ -
       endif ;
   
   : add-depths { p -- }
       \ combine stack effect of p with *-depths
       max-stacks 0 ?do
           current-depth i th @
           p prim-stacks-in  i th @ + i inst-stream-correction
           dup max-depth i th max!
           p prim-stacks-out i th @ -
           dup min-depth i th min!
           current-depth i th !
       loop ;
   
   : add-prim ( addr u -- )
       \ add primitive given by "addr u" to combined-prims
       primitives search-wordlist s" unknown primitive" ?print-error
       execute { p }
       p combined-prims num-combined @ th !
       1 num-combined +!
       p add-depths ;
   
   : compute-effects { q -- }
       \ compute the stack effects of q from the depths
       max-stacks 0 ?do
           max-depth i th @ dup
           q prim-stacks-in i th !
           current-depth i th @ -
           q prim-stacks-out i th !
       loop ;
   
   : make-effect-items { stack# items effect-endp -- }
       \ effect-endp points to a pointer to the end of the current item-array
       \ and has to be updated
       stacks stack# th @ { stack }
       items 0 +do
           effect-endp @ { item }
           i 0 <# #s stack stack-pointer 2@ holds [char] _ hold #> save-mem
           item item-name 2!
           stack item item-stack !
           stack stack-type @ item item-type !
           i item item-offset !
           item item-first on
           item% %size effect-endp +!
       loop ;
   
   : init-effects { q -- }
       \ initialize effects field for FETCHES and STORES
       max-stacks 0 ?do
           i q prim-stacks-in  i th @ q prim-effect-in-end  make-effect-items
           i q prim-stacks-out i th @ q prim-effect-out-end make-effect-items
       loop ;
   
   : process-combined ( -- )
       combined combined-prims num-combined @ cells
       combinations ['] constant insert-wordlist
       combined-prims num-combined @ 1- th ( last-part )
       @ prim-c-code 2@ prim prim-c-code 2! \ used by output-super-end
       prim compute-effects
       prim init-effects
       output-combined perform ;
   
   \ C output
   
   : print-item { n stack -- }
       \ print nth stack item name
       stack stack-type @ type-c-name 2@ type space
       ." _" stack stack-pointer 2@ type n 0 .r ;
   
   : print-declarations-combined ( -- )
       max-stacks 0 ?do
           max-depth i th @ min-depth i th @ - 0 +do
               i stacks j th @ print-item ." ;" cr
           loop
       loop ;
   
   : part-fetches ( -- )
       fetches ;
   
   : part-output-c-tail ( -- )
       print-debug-results
       stores ;
   
   : output-combined-tail ( -- )
       part-output-c-tail
       prim >r combined to prim
       in-part @ >r in-part off
       output-c-tail
       r> in-part ! r> to prim ;
   
   : output-part ( p -- )
       to prim
       ." /* " prim prim-name 2@ type ."  ( " prim prim-stack-string 2@ type ." ) */" cr
       ." NAME(" quote prim prim-name 2@ type quote ." )" cr \ debugging
       ." {" cr
       print-declarations
       part-fetches
       print-debug-args
       prim add-depths \ !! right place?
       prim prim-c-code 2@ ['] output-combined-tail type-c-code
       part-output-c-tail
       ." }" cr ;
   
   : output-parts ( -- )
       prim >r in-part on
       current-depth max-stacks cells erase
       ['] output-part map-combined
       in-part off
       r> to prim ;
   
   : output-c-combined ( -- )
       print-entry cr
       \ debugging messages just in parts
       ." {" cr
       ." DEF_CA" cr
       print-declarations-combined
       ." NEXT_P0;" cr
       flush-tos
       fetches
       \ print-debug-args
       stack-pointer-updates
       output-parts
       output-c-tail2
       ." }" cr
       cr ;
   
   : output-forth-combined ( -- )
   ;
   
   
   \ peephole optimization rules
   
   \ data for a simple peephole optimizer that always tries to combine
   \ the currently compiled instruction with the last one.
   
   \ in order for this to work as intended, shorter combinations for each
   \ length must be present, and the longer combinations must follow
   \ shorter ones (this restriction may go away in the future).
     
   : output-peephole ( -- )
       combined-prims num-combined @ 1- cells combinations search-wordlist
       s" the prefix for this superinstruction must be defined earlier" ?print-error
       ." {"
       execute prim-num @ 5 .r ." ,"
       combined-prims num-combined @ 1- th @ prim-num @ 5 .r ." ,"
       combined prim-num @ 5 .r ." }, /* "
       combined prim-c-name 2@ type ."  */"
       cr ;
   
   
   \ cost and superinstruction data for a sophisticated combiner (e.g.,
   \ shortest path)
   
   \ This is intended as initializer for a structure like this
   
   \  struct cost {
   \    int loads;       /* number of stack loads */
   \    int stores;      /* number of stack stores */
   \    int updates;     /* number of stack pointer updates */
   \    int length;      /* number of components */
   \    int *components; /* array of vm_prim indexes of components */
   \  };
   
   \ How do you know which primitive or combined instruction this
   \ structure refers to?  By the order of cost structures, as in most
   \ other cases.
   
   : compute-costs { p -- nloads nstores nupdates }
       \ compute the number of loads, stores, and stack pointer updates
       \ of a primitive or combined instruction; does not take TOS
       \ caching into account, nor that IP updates are combined with
       \ other stuff
       0 max-stacks 0 +do
           p prim-stacks-in i th @ +
       loop
       0 max-stacks 0 +do
           p prim-stacks-out i th @ +
       loop
       0 max-stacks 0 +do
           p prim-stacks-in i th @ p prim-stacks-out i th @ <> -
       loop ;
   
   : output-num-part ( p -- )
       prim-num @ 4 .r ." ," ;
   
   : output-costs ( -- )
       ." {" prim compute-costs
       rot 2 .r ." ," swap 2 .r ." ," 2 .r ." ,"
       combined if
           num-combined @ 2 .r
           ." , ((int []){" ['] output-num-part map-combined ." })}, /* "
       else
           ."  1, ((int []){" prim prim-num @ 4 .r ." })}, /* "
       endif
       prim prim-name 2@ type ."  */"
       cr ;
   
   \ the parser
   
   eof-char max-member \ the whole character set + EOF
   
   : getinput ( -- n )
    rawinput @ endrawinput @ =
    if
      eof-char
    else
      cookedinput @ c@
    endif ;
   
   :noname ( n -- )
    dup bl > if
     emit space
    else
     .
    endif ;
   print-token !
   
   : testchar? ( set -- f )
    getinput member? ;
   ' testchar? test-vector !
   
   : checksyncline ( -- )
       \ when input points to a newline, check if the next line is a
       \ sync line.  If it is, perform the appropriate actions.
       rawinput @ >r
       s" #line " r@ over compare if
           rdrop 1 line +! EXIT
       endif
       0. r> 6 chars + 20 >number drop >r drop line ! r> ( c-addr )
       dup c@ bl = if
           char+ dup c@ [char] " <> 0= s" sync line syntax" ?print-error
           char+ dup 100 [char] " scan drop swap 2dup - save-mem filename 2!
           char+
       endif
       dup c@ nl-char <> 0= s" sync line syntax" ?print-error
       skipsynclines @ if
           dup char+ rawinput !
           rawinput @ c@ cookedinput @ c!
       endif
       drop ;
   
   : ?nextchar ( f -- )
       s" syntax error, wrong char" ?print-error
       rawinput @ endrawinput @ <> if
           rawinput @ c@
           1 chars rawinput +!
           1 chars cookedinput +!
           nl-char = if
               checksyncline
               rawinput @ line-start !
           endif
           rawinput @ c@ cookedinput @ c!
       endif ;
   
   : charclass ( set "name" -- )
    ['] ?nextchar terminal ;
   
   : .. ( c1 c2 -- set )
    ( creates a set that includes the characters c, c1<=c<=c2 )
    empty copy-set
    swap 1+ rot do
     i over add-member
    loop ;
   
   : ` ( -- terminal ) ( use: ` c )
    ( creates anonymous terminal for the character c )
    char singleton ['] ?nextchar make-terminal ;
   
   char a char z ..  char A char Z ..  union char _ singleton union  charclass letter
   char 0 char 9 ..                                        charclass digit
   bl singleton tab-char over add-member                   charclass white
   nl-char singleton eof-char over add-member complement   charclass nonl
   nl-char singleton eof-char over add-member
       char : over add-member complement                   charclass nocolonnl
   nl-char singleton eof-char over add-member
       char } over add-member complement                   charclass nobracenl
   bl 1+ maxchar .. char \ singleton complement intersection
                                                           charclass nowhitebq
   bl 1+ maxchar ..                                        charclass nowhite
   char " singleton eof-char over add-member complement    charclass noquote
   nl-char singleton                                       charclass nl
   eof-char singleton                                      charclass eof
   nl-char singleton eof-char over add-member              charclass nleof
   
   (( letter (( letter || digit )) **
   )) <- c-ident ( -- )
   
   (( ` # ?? (( letter || digit || ` : )) ++
   )) <- stack-ident ( -- )
   
   (( nowhitebq nowhite ** ))
   <- forth-ident ( -- )
   
   Variable forth-flag
   Variable c-flag
   
   (( (( ` e || ` E )) {{ start }} nonl ** 
      {{ end evaluate }}
   )) <- eval-comment ( ... -- ... )
   
   (( (( ` f || ` F )) {{ start }} nonl ** 
      {{ end forth-flag @ IF type cr ELSE 2drop THEN }}
   )) <- forth-comment ( -- )
   
   (( (( ` c || ` C )) {{ start }} nonl ** 
      {{ end c-flag @ IF type cr ELSE 2drop THEN }}
   )) <- c-comment ( -- )
   
   (( ` - nonl ** {{ 
           forth-flag @ IF ." [ELSE]" cr THEN
           c-flag @ IF ." #else" cr THEN }}
   )) <- else-comment
   
   (( ` + {{ start }} nonl ** {{ end
           dup
           IF      c-flag @
                   IF    ." #ifdef HAS_" bounds ?DO  I c@ toupper emit  LOOP cr
                   THEN
                   forth-flag @
                   IF  ." has? " type ."  [IF]"  cr THEN
           ELSE    2drop
               c-flag @      IF  ." #endif"  cr THEN
               forth-flag @  IF  ." [THEN]"  cr THEN
           THEN }}
   )) <- if-comment
   
   (( (( ` g || ` G )) {{ start }} nonl **
      {{ end
         forth-flag @ IF  ." group " type cr  THEN
         c-flag @     IF  ." GROUP(" type ." )" cr  THEN }}
   )) <- group-comment
   
   (( (( eval-comment || forth-comment || c-comment || else-comment || if-comment || group-comment )) ?? nonl ** )) <- comment-body
   
   (( ` \ comment-body nleof )) <- comment ( -- )
   
   (( {{ start }} stack-ident {{ end 2 pick init-item item% %size + }} white ** )) **
   <- stack-items
   
   (( {{ prim prim-effect-in }}  stack-items {{ prim prim-effect-in-end ! }}
      ` - ` - white **
      {{ prim prim-effect-out }} stack-items {{ prim prim-effect-out-end ! }}
   )) <- stack-effect ( -- )
   
   (( {{ prim create-prim }}
      ` ( white ** {{ start }} stack-effect {{ end prim prim-stack-string 2! }} ` ) white **
      (( {{ start }} forth-ident {{ end prim prim-wordset 2! }} white **
         (( {{ start }}  c-ident {{ end prim prim-c-name 2! }} )) ??
      )) ??  nleof
      (( ` " ` "  {{ start }} (( noquote ++ ` " )) ++ {{ end 1- prim prim-doc 2! }} ` " white ** nleof )) ??
      {{ skipsynclines off line @ c-line ! filename 2@ c-filename 2! start }}
      (( (( ` { nonl ** nleof (( (( nobracenl {{ line @ drop }} nonl ** )) ?? nleof )) ** ` } white ** nleof white ** ))
      || (( nocolonnl nonl **  nleof white ** )) ** ))
      {{ end prim prim-c-code 2! skipsynclines on }}
      (( ` :  white ** nleof
         {{ start }} (( nonl ++  nleof white ** )) ++ {{ end prim prim-forth-code 2! }}
      )) ?? {{ process-simple }}
      nleof
   )) <- simple-primitive ( -- )
   
   (( {{ init-combined }}
      ` = white ** (( {{ start }} forth-ident {{ end add-prim }} white ** )) ++
      nleof {{ process-combined }}
   )) <- combined-primitive
   
   (( {{ make-prim to prim 0 to combined
         line @ name-line ! filename 2@ name-filename 2!
         function-number @ prim prim-num !
         start }} [ifdef] vmgen c-ident [else] forth-ident [then] {{ end
         2dup prim prim-name 2! prim prim-c-name 2! }}  white **
      (( ` / white ** {{ start }} c-ident {{ end prim prim-c-name 2! }} white ** )) ??
      (( simple-primitive || combined-primitive )) {{ 1 function-number +! }}
   )) <- primitive ( -- )
   
   (( (( comment || primitive || nl white ** )) ** eof ))
   parser primitives2something
   warnings @ [IF]
   .( parser generated ok ) cr
   [THEN]
   
   
   \ run with gforth-0.5.0 (slurp-file is missing)
   [IFUNDEF] slurp-file
   : slurp-file ( c-addr1 u1 -- c-addr2 u2 )
       \ c-addr1 u1 is the filename, c-addr2 u2 is the file's contents
       r/o bin open-file throw >r
       r@ file-size throw abort" file too large"
       dup allocate throw swap
       2dup r@ read-file throw over <> abort" could not read whole file"
       r> close-file throw ;
   [THEN]
   
   : primfilter ( addr u -- )
       \ process the string at addr u
       over dup rawinput ! dup line-start ! cookedinput !
       + endrawinput !
       checksyncline
       primitives2something ;    
   
   : process-file ( addr u xt-simple x-combined -- )
       output-combined ! output !
       save-mem 2dup filename 2!
       slurp-file
       warnings @ if
           ." ------------ CUT HERE -------------" cr  endif
       primfilter ;
   
   \  : process      ( xt -- )
   \      bl word count rot
   \      process-file ;

Removed from v.1.14  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.117


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