File:  [gforth] / gforth / engine / engine.c
Revision 1.117: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Mon Jan 16 22:17:32 2012 UTC (8 years, 4 months ago) by pazsan
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
Fixed register allocation problem with gcc 4.6 for x86 (all memory words now as subroutines)

    1: /* Gforth virtual machine (aka inner interpreter)
    2: 
    3:   Copyright (C) 1995,1996,1997,1998,2000,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2010,2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    4: 
    5:   This file is part of Gforth.
    6: 
    7:   Gforth is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    8:   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
    9:   as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3
   10:   of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
   11: 
   12:   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   13:   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   14:   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   15:   GNU General Public License for more details.
   16: 
   17:   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   18:   along with this program; if not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
   19: */
   20: 
   21: #if defined(GFORTH_DEBUGGING) || defined(INDIRECT_THREADED) || defined(DOUBLY_INDIRECT) || defined(VM_PROFILING)
   22: #define USE_NO_TOS
   23: #else
   24: #define USE_TOS
   25: #endif
   26: 
   27: #include "config.h"
   28: #include "forth.h"
   29: #include <ctype.h>
   30: #include <stdio.h>
   31: #include <string.h>
   32: #include <math.h>
   33: #include <assert.h>
   34: #include <stdlib.h>
   35: #include <errno.h>
   36: #include "io.h"
   37: #include "threaded.h"
   38: #ifndef STANDALONE
   39: #include <sys/types.h>
   40: #include <sys/stat.h>
   41: #include <fcntl.h>
   42: #include <time.h>
   43: #include <sys/time.h>
   44: #include <unistd.h>
   45: #include <pwd.h>
   46: #include <dirent.h>
   47: #ifdef HAVE_WCHAR_H
   48: #include <wchar.h>
   49: #endif
   50: #include <sys/resource.h>
   51: #ifdef HAVE_FNMATCH_H
   52: #include <fnmatch.h>
   53: #else
   54: #include "fnmatch.h"
   55: #endif
   56: #else
   57: /* #include <systypes.h> */
   58: #endif
   59: 
   60: #if defined(HAVE_LIBDL) || defined(HAVE_DLOPEN) /* what else? */
   61: #include <dlfcn.h>
   62: #endif
   63: #if defined(_WIN32)
   64: #include <windows.h>
   65: #endif
   66: #ifdef hpux
   67: #include <dl.h>
   68: #endif
   69: 
   70: #ifdef HAS_FFCALL
   71: #include <avcall.h>
   72: #include <callback.h>
   73: #endif
   74: 
   75: #ifndef SEEK_SET
   76: /* should be defined in stdio.h, but some systems don't have it */
   77: #define SEEK_SET 0
   78: #endif
   79: 
   80: #ifndef HAVE_FSEEKO
   81: #define fseeko fseek
   82: #endif
   83: 
   84: #ifndef HAVE_FTELLO
   85: #define ftello ftell
   86: #endif
   87: 
   88: #define NULLC '\0'
   89: 
   90: #ifdef MEMCMP_AS_SUBROUTINE
   91: extern int gforth_memcmp(const char * s1, const char * s2, size_t n);
   92: extern Char *gforth_memmove(Char * dest, const Char* src, Cell n);
   93: extern Char *gforth_memset(Char * s, Cell c, UCell n);
   94: extern Char *gforth_memcpy(Char * dest, const Char* src, Cell n);
   95: #define memcmp(s1,s2,n) gforth_memcmp(s1,s2,n)
   96: #define memmove(a,b,c) gforth_memmove(a,b,c)
   97: #define memset(a,b,c) gforth_memset(a,b,c)
   98: #define memcpy(a,b,c) gforth_memcpy(a,b,c)
   99: #endif
  100: 
  101: #define NEWLINE	'\n'
  102: 
  103: /* These two flags control whether divisions are checked by software.
  104:    The CHECK_DIVISION_SW is for those cases where the event is a
  105:    division by zero or overflow on the C level, and might be reported
  106:    by hardware; we might check forr that in autoconf and set the
  107:    switch appropriately, but currently don't.  The CHECK_DIVISION flag
  108:    is for the other cases. */
  109: #ifdef GFORTH_DEBUGGING
  110: #define CHECK_DIVISION_SW 1
  111: #define CHECK_DIVISION 1
  112: #else
  113: #define CHECK_DIVISION_SW 0
  114: #define CHECK_DIVISION 0
  115: #endif
  116: 
  117: /* conversion on fetch */
  118: 
  119: #define vm_Cell2f(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Bool)(_cell))
  120: #define vm_Cell2c(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Char)(_cell))
  121: #define vm_Cell2n(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Cell)(_cell))
  122: #define vm_Cell2w(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Cell)(_cell))
  123: #define vm_Cell2u(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(UCell)(_cell))
  124: #define vm_Cell2a_(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Cell *)(_cell))
  125: #define vm_Cell2c_(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Char *)(_cell))
  126: #define vm_Cell2f_(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Float *)(_cell))
  127: #define vm_Cell2df_(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(DFloat *)(_cell))
  128: #define vm_Cell2sf_(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(SFloat *)(_cell))
  129: #define vm_Cell2xt(_cell,_x)		((_x)=(Xt)(_cell))
  130: #define vm_Cell2f83name(_cell,_x)	((_x)=(struct F83Name *)(_cell))
  131: #define vm_Cell2longname(_cell,_x)	((_x)=(struct Longname *)(_cell))
  132: #define vm_Float2r(_float,_x)		(_x=_float)
  133: 
  134: /* conversion on store */
  135: 
  136: #define vm_f2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  137: #define vm_c2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  138: #define vm_n2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  139: #define vm_w2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  140: #define vm_u2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  141: #define vm_a_2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  142: #define vm_c_2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  143: #define vm_f_2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  144: #define vm_df_2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  145: #define vm_sf_2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  146: #define vm_xt2Cell(_x,_cell)		((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  147: #define vm_f83name2Cell(_x,_cell)	((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  148: #define vm_longname2Cell(_x,_cell)	((_cell)=(Cell)(_x))
  149: #define vm_r2Float(_x,_float)		(_float=_x)
  150: 
  151: #define vm_Cell2Cell(_x,_y)		(_y=_x)
  152: 
  153: #ifdef NO_IP
  154: #define IMM_ARG(access,value)		(VARIANT(value))
  155: #else
  156: #define IMM_ARG(access,value)		(access)
  157: #endif
  158: 
  159: /* if machine.h has not defined explicit registers, define them as implicit */
  160: #ifndef IPREG
  161: #define IPREG
  162: #endif
  163: #ifndef SPREG
  164: #define SPREG
  165: #endif
  166: #ifndef RPREG
  167: #define RPREG
  168: #endif
  169: #ifndef FPREG
  170: #define FPREG
  171: #endif
  172: #ifndef LPREG
  173: #define LPREG
  174: #endif
  175: #ifndef CAREG
  176: #define CAREG
  177: #endif
  178: #ifndef CFAREG
  179: #define CFAREG
  180: #endif
  181: #ifndef UPREG
  182: #define UPREG
  183: #endif
  184: #ifndef TOSREG
  185: #define TOSREG
  186: #endif
  187: #ifndef spbREG
  188: #define spbREG
  189: #endif
  190: #ifndef spcREG
  191: #define spcREG
  192: #endif
  193: #ifndef spdREG
  194: #define spdREG
  195: #endif
  196: #ifndef speREG
  197: #define speREG
  198: #endif
  199: #ifndef spfREG
  200: #define spfREG
  201: #endif
  202: #ifndef spgREG
  203: #define spgREG
  204: #endif
  205: #ifndef sphREG
  206: #define sphREG
  207: #endif
  208: #ifndef FTOSREG
  209: #define FTOSREG
  210: #endif
  211: 
  212: #ifndef CPU_DEP1
  213: # define CPU_DEP1 0
  214: #endif
  215: 
  216: /* instructions containing SUPER_END must be the last instruction of a
  217:    super-instruction (e.g., branches, EXECUTE, and other instructions
  218:    ending the basic block). Instructions containing SET_IP get this
  219:    automatically, so you usually don't have to write it.  If you have
  220:    to write it, write it after IP points to the next instruction.
  221:    Used for profiling.  Don't write it in a word containing SET_IP, or
  222:    the following block will be counted twice. */
  223: #ifdef VM_PROFILING
  224: #define SUPER_END  vm_count_block(IP)
  225: #else
  226: #define SUPER_END
  227: #endif
  228: #define SUPER_CONTINUE
  229: 
  230: #ifdef ASMCOMMENT
  231: /* an individualized asm statement so that (hopefully) gcc's optimizer
  232:    does not do cross-jumping */
  233: #define asmcomment(string) asm(ASMCOMMENT string)
  234: #else
  235: /* we don't know how to do an asm comment, so we just do an empty asm */
  236: #define asmcomment(string) asm("")
  237: #endif
  238: 
  239: #define DEPTHOFF 4
  240: #ifdef GFORTH_DEBUGGING
  241: #if DEBUG
  242: #define NAME(string) { saved_ip=ip; asmcomment(string); fprintf(stderr,"%08lx depth=%3ld tos=%016lx: "string"\n",(Cell)ip,sp0+DEPTHOFF-sp,sp[0]);}
  243: #else /* !DEBUG */
  244: #define NAME(string) { saved_ip=ip; asm(""); }
  245: /* the asm here is to avoid reordering of following stuff above the
  246:    assignment; this is an old-style asm (no operands), and therefore
  247:    is treated like "asm volatile ..."; i.e., it prevents most
  248:    reorderings across itself.  We want the assignment above first,
  249:    because the stack loads may already cause a stack underflow. */
  250: #endif /* !DEBUG */
  251: #elif DEBUG
  252: #       define  NAME(string)    {Cell __depth=sp0+DEPTHOFF-sp; int i; fprintf(stderr,"%08lx depth=%3ld: "string,(Cell)ip,sp0+DEPTHOFF-sp); for (i=__depth-1; i>0; i--) fprintf(stderr, " $%lx",sp[i]); fprintf(stderr, " $%lx\n",spTOS); }
  253: #else
  254: #	define	NAME(string) asmcomment(string);
  255: #endif
  256: 
  257: #ifdef DEBUG
  258: #define CFA_TO_NAME(__cfa) \
  259:       Cell len, i; \
  260:       char * name = __cfa; \
  261:       for(i=0; i<32; i+=sizeof(Cell)) { \
  262:         len = ((Cell*)name)[-1]; \
  263:         if(len < 0) { \
  264: 	  len &= 0x1F; \
  265:           if((len+sizeof(Cell)) > i) break; \
  266: 	} len = 0; \
  267: 	name -= sizeof(Cell); \
  268:       }
  269: #endif
  270: 
  271: #ifdef STANDALONE
  272: jmp_buf throw_jmp_buf;
  273: 
  274: void throw(int code)
  275: {
  276:   longjmp(throw_jmp_buf,code); /* !! or use siglongjmp ? */
  277: }
  278: #endif
  279: 
  280: #if defined(HAS_FFCALL) || defined(HAS_LIBFFI)
  281: #define SAVE_REGS IF_fpTOS(fp[0]=fpTOS); gforth_SP=sp; gforth_FP=fp; gforth_RP=rp; gforth_LP=lp;
  282: #define REST_REGS sp=gforth_SP; fp=gforth_FP; rp=gforth_RP; lp=gforth_LP; IF_fpTOS(fpTOS=fp[0]);
  283: #endif
  284: 
  285: #if !defined(ENGINE)
  286: /* normal engine */
  287: #define VARIANT(v)	(v)
  288: #define JUMP(target)	goto I_noop
  289: #define LABEL(name) H_##name: asm(""); I_##name:
  290: #define LABEL3(name) J_##name: asm("");
  291: 
  292: #elif ENGINE==2
  293: /* variant with padding between VM instructions for finding out
  294:    cross-inst jumps (for dynamic code) */
  295: #define gforth_engine gforth_engine2
  296: #define VARIANT(v)	(v)
  297: #define JUMP(target)	goto I_noop
  298: #define LABEL(name) H_##name: SKIP16; I_##name:
  299: /* the SKIP16 after LABEL3 is there, because the ARM gcc may place
  300:    some constants after the final branch, and may refer to them from
  301:    the code before label3.  Since we don't copy the constants, we have
  302:    to make sure that such code is recognized as non-relocatable. */
  303: #define LABEL3(name) J_##name: SKIP16;
  304: 
  305: #elif ENGINE==3
  306: /* variant with different immediate arguments for finding out
  307:    immediate arguments (for native code) */
  308: #define gforth_engine gforth_engine3
  309: #define VARIANT(v)	((v)^0xffffffff)
  310: #define JUMP(target)	goto K_lit
  311: #define LABEL(name) H_##name: asm(""); I_##name:
  312: #define LABEL3(name) J_##name: asm("");
  313: #else
  314: #error illegal ENGINE value
  315: #endif /* ENGINE */
  316: 
  317: /* the asm(""); is there to get a stop compiled on Itanium */
  318: #define LABEL2(name) K_##name: asm("");
  319: 
  320: Label *gforth_engine(Xt *ip0, Cell *sp0, Cell *rp0, Float *fp0, Address lp0 sr_proto)
  321: /* executes code at ip, if ip!=NULL
  322:    returns array of machine code labels (for use in a loader), if ip==NULL
  323: */
  324: {
  325: #if defined(GFORTH_DEBUGGING)
  326: #if defined(GLOBALS_NONRELOC)
  327:   register saved_regs *saved_regs_p TOSREG = saved_regs_p0;
  328: #endif /* defined(GLOBALS_NONRELOC) */
  329: #else /* !defined(GFORTH_DEBUGGING) */
  330:   register Cell *rp RPREG;
  331: #endif /* !defined(GFORTH_DEBUGGING) */
  332: #ifndef NO_IP
  333:   register Xt *ip IPREG = ip0;
  334: #endif
  335:   register Cell *sp SPREG = sp0;
  336:   register Float *fp FPREG = fp0;
  337:   register Address lp LPREG = lp0;
  338:   register Xt cfa CFAREG;
  339:   register Label real_ca CAREG;
  340: #ifdef MORE_VARS
  341:   MORE_VARS
  342: #endif
  343: #ifdef HAS_FFCALL
  344:   av_alist alist;
  345:   extern va_alist gforth_clist;
  346:   float frv;
  347:   int irv;
  348:   double drv;
  349:   long long llrv;
  350:   void * prv;
  351: #endif
  352:   register Address up UPREG = gforth_UP;
  353: #if !defined(GFORTH_DEBUGGING)
  354:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED spTOS TOSREG;
  355:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED spb spbREG;
  356:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED spc spcREG;
  357:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED spd spdREG;
  358:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED spe speREG;
  359:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED spf spfREG;
  360:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED spg spgREG;
  361:   register Cell MAYBE_UNUSED sph sphREG;
  362:   IF_fpTOS(register Float fpTOS FTOSREG;)
  363: #endif /* !defined(GFORTH_DEBUGGING) */
  364: #if defined(DOUBLY_INDIRECT)
  365:   static Label *symbols;
  366:   static void *routines[]= {
  367: #define MAX_SYMBOLS (sizeof(routines)/sizeof(routines[0]))
  368: #else /* !defined(DOUBLY_INDIRECT) */
  369:   static Label symbols[]= {
  370: #define MAX_SYMBOLS (sizeof(symbols)/sizeof(symbols[0]))
  371: #endif /* !defined(DOUBLY_INDIRECT) */
  372: #define INST_ADDR(name) ((Label)&&I_##name)
  373: #include PRIM_LAB_I
  374: #undef INST_ADDR
  375:     (Label)0,
  376: #define INST_ADDR(name) ((Label)&&K_##name)
  377: #include PRIM_LAB_I
  378: #undef INST_ADDR
  379: #define INST_ADDR(name) ((Label)&&J_##name)
  380: #include PRIM_LAB_I
  381: #undef INST_ADDR
  382:     (Label)&&after_last,
  383:     (Label)&&before_goto,
  384:     (Label)&&after_goto,
  385: /* just mention the H_ labels, so the SKIP16s are not optimized away */
  386: #define INST_ADDR(name) ((Label)&&H_##name)
  387: #include PRIM_LAB_I
  388: #undef INST_ADDR
  389:   };
  390: #ifdef STANDALONE
  391: #define INST_ADDR(name) ((Label)&&I_##name)
  392: #include "image.i"
  393: #undef INST_ADDR
  394: #endif
  395: #ifdef CPU_DEP2
  396:   CPU_DEP2
  397: #endif
  398: 
  399:   rp = rp0;
  400: #ifdef DEBUG
  401:   fprintf(stderr,"ip=%x, sp=%x, rp=%x, fp=%x, lp=%x, up=%x\n",
  402:           (unsigned)ip0,(unsigned)sp,(unsigned)rp,
  403: 	  (unsigned)fp,(unsigned)lp,(unsigned)up);
  404: #endif
  405: 
  406:   if (ip0 == NULL) {
  407: #if defined(DOUBLY_INDIRECT)
  408: #define CODE_OFFSET (26*sizeof(Cell))
  409: #define XT_OFFSET (22*sizeof(Cell))
  410:     int i;
  411:     Cell code_offset = offset_image? CODE_OFFSET : 0;
  412:     Cell xt_offset = offset_image? XT_OFFSET : 0;
  413: 
  414:     symbols = (Label *)(malloc(MAX_SYMBOLS*sizeof(Cell)+CODE_OFFSET)+code_offset);
  415:     xts = (Label *)(malloc(MAX_SYMBOLS*sizeof(Cell)+XT_OFFSET)+xt_offset);
  416:     for (i=0; i<DOER_MAX+1; i++)
  417:       xts[i] = symbols[i] = (Label)routines[i];
  418:     for (; routines[i]!=0; i++) {
  419:       if (i>=MAX_SYMBOLS) {
  420: 	fprintf(stderr,"gforth-ditc: more than %ld primitives\n",(long)MAX_SYMBOLS);
  421: 	exit(1);
  422:       }
  423:       xts[i] = symbols[i] = &routines[i];
  424:     }
  425: #endif /* defined(DOUBLY_INDIRECT) */
  426: #ifdef STANDALONE
  427:     return image;
  428: #else
  429:     return symbols;
  430: #endif
  431:   }
  432: 
  433: #ifdef USE_TOS
  434:   sp += STACK_CACHE_DEFAULT-1;
  435:   /* some of those registers are dead, but its simpler to initialize them all */  spTOS = sp[0];
  436:   spb = sp[-1];
  437:   spc = sp[-2];
  438:   spd = sp[-3];
  439:   spe = sp[-4];
  440:   spf = sp[-5];
  441:   spg = sp[-6];
  442:   sph = sp[-7];
  443: #endif
  444: 
  445:   IF_fpTOS(fpTOS = fp[0]);
  446: /*  prep_terminal(); */
  447: #ifdef NO_IP
  448:   goto *(*(Label *)ip0);
  449:   before_goto:
  450:   goto *real_ca;
  451:   after_goto:;
  452: #else
  453:   SET_IP(ip);
  454:   SUPER_END; /* count the first block, too */
  455:   FIRST_NEXT;
  456: #endif
  457: 
  458: #ifdef CPU_DEP3
  459:   CPU_DEP3
  460: #endif
  461: 
  462: #include PRIM_I
  463:   after_last: return (Label *)0;
  464:   /*needed only to get the length of the last primitive */
  465: 
  466:   return (Label *)0;
  467: }

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