File:  [gforth] / gforth / compat / assert.fs
Revision 1.1: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Wed Apr 29 17:09:46 1998 UTC (21 years, 7 months ago) by anton
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: v0-7-0, v0-6-2, v0-6-1, v0-6-0, v0-5-0, v0-4-0, HEAD
tables are in the image again
added assert.fs defer.fs exception.fs vocabulary.fs to the compat directory

\ assertions

\ This file is in the public domain. NO WARRANTY.

\    It is a good idea to make your programs self-checking, in
\ particular, if you use an assumption (e.g., that a certain field of a
\ data structure is never zero) that may become wrong during maintenance.
\ Gforth supports assertions for this purpose. They are used like this:

\      assert( FLAG )

\    The code between `assert(' and `)' should compute a flag, that
\ should be true if everything is alright and false otherwise. It should
\ not change anything else on the stack. The overall stack effect of the
\ assertion is `( -- )'. E.g.

\      assert( 1 1 + 2 = ) \ what we learn in school
\      assert( dup 0<> ) \ assert that the top of stack is not zero
\      assert( false ) \ this code should not be reached

\    The need for assertions is different at different times. During
\ debugging, we want more checking, in production we sometimes care more
\ for speed. Therefore, assertions can be turned off, i.e., the assertion
\ becomes a comment. Depending on the importance of an assertion and the
\ time it takes to check it, you may want to turn off some assertions and
\ keep others turned on. Gforth provides several levels of assertions for
\ this purpose:

\ `assert0('       --         gforth       ``assert-zero''
\    important assertions that should always be turned on

\ `assert1('       --         gforth       ``assert-one''
\    normal assertions; turned on by default

\ `assert2('       --         gforth       ``assert-two''
\    debugging assertions

\ `assert3('       --         gforth       ``assert-three''
\    slow assertions that you may not want to turn on in normal debugging;
\ you would turn them on mainly for thorough checking

\ `assert('       --         gforth       ``assert(''
\    equivalent to assert1(

\ `)'       --         gforth       ``close-paren''
\    end an assertion

\    `Assert(' is the same as `assert1('. The variable `assert-level'
\ specifies the highest assertions that are turned on. I.e., at the
\ default `assert-level' of one, `assert0(' and `assert1(' assertions
\ perform checking, while `assert2(' and `assert3(' assertions are
\ treated as comments.

\    Note that the `assert-level' is evaluated at compile-time, not at
\ run-time. I.e., you cannot turn assertions on or off at run-time, you
\ have to set the `assert-level' appropriately before compiling a piece
\ of code. You can compile several pieces of code at several
\ `assert-level's (e.g., a trusted library at level 1 and newly written
\ code at level 3).

\ `assert-level'       -- a-addr         gforth       ``assert-level''
\    all assertions above this level are turned off

\ The program uses the following words
\ from CORE :
\ Variable ! : @ > IF POSTPONE THEN ; immediate 0= 
\ from BLOCK-EXT :
\ \ 
\ from EXCEPTION-EXT :
\ abort" 
\ from FILE :
\ ( 

variable assert-level ( -- a-addr ) \ gforth
\ all assertions above this level are turned off
1 assert-level !

: assertn ( n -- ) \ gforth assert-n
    \ this is internal (it is not immediate)
    assert-level @ >
    if
	POSTPONE (
    then ;

: assert0( ( -- ) \ gforth assert-zero
    \ important assertions that should always be turned on
    0 assertn ; immediate
: assert1( ( -- ) \ gforth assert-one
    \ normal assertions; turned on by default
    1 assertn ; immediate
: assert2( ( -- ) \ gforth assert-two
    \ debugging assertions
    2 assertn ; immediate
: assert3( ( -- ) \ gforth assert-three
    \ slow assertions that you may not want to turn on in normal debugging;
    \ you would turn them on mainly for thorough checking
    3 assertn ; immediate
: assert( ( -- ) \ gforth
    \ equivalent to assert1(
    POSTPONE assert1( ; immediate

: (endassert) ( flag -- ) \ gforth-internal
    \ inline argument sourcepos
    0= abort" assertion failed" ;

: ) ( -- ) \ gforth	close-paren
    \ end an assertion
    POSTPONE (endassert) ; immediate

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