File:  [gforth] / gforth / INSTALL
Revision 1.12: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Mon Nov 13 18:37:09 1995 UTC (24 years, 10 months ago) by anton
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
some documentation changes
added make targets "bench" and "uninstall"

    1: You need gcc version 2.0 or later to compile gforth.
    2: 
    3: First, type
    4: 
    5: ./configure
    6: 
    7: configure has the following useful parameters:
    8:   --prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
    9:                           [default: /usr/local]
   10:   --exec-prefix=PREFIX    install architecture-dependent files in PREFIX
   11:                           [default: same as prefix]
   12:   --enable-force-reg      Use explicit register declarations if they appear in
   13:                           the machine.h file. This can cause a good speedup,
   14:                           but also incorrect code with some gcc versions on
   15:                           some processors (default disabled).
   16:   --enable-direct-threaded      Force direct threading. This may not work on
   17:                                 some machines and may cause slowdown on others.
   18:                                 (default processor-dependent)
   19:   --enable-indirect-threaded    Force indirect threading. This can cause a
   20:                                 slowdown on some machines.
   21:                                 (default processor-dependent)
   22:   --with-debug     specifies option -g to compile with debug info (default)
   23:    --without-debug  omits the -g switch and creates smaller images on
   24:                     machines where strip has problems with gcc style
   25:                     debugging informations.
   26:   --help: tells you about other parameters.
   27: 
   28: If you don't like the defaults for the installation directories, you
   29: should override them already during configure.  E.g., if you want to
   30: install in the /gnu hierarchy instead of in the default /usr/local
   31: hirarchy, say
   32: 
   33: ./configure --prefix=/gnu
   34: 
   35: After, configuration, type
   36: 
   37: make
   38: 
   39: If your make has trouble with the Makefile, "make gforth" might work.
   40: 
   41: If your installed gcc isn't called "gcc" (e.g., called "gcc-2.6.1"), type
   42: 
   43: make GCC=<whatever you call your gcc>
   44: 
   45: instead.
   46: 
   47: Now you can check whether your shiny new Forth system works. Say
   48: 
   49: make test
   50: 
   51: You can run some benchmarks with
   52: 
   53: make bench
   54: 
   55: and compare them with the results in Benchres and in the manual.
   56: 
   57: If everything is allright, you may want to install gforth. Type
   58: 
   59: make install
   60: 
   61: You have to make an entry in the info directory file manually.
   62: 
   63: For paper documentation, print gforth.ps (a Postscript file (300dpi
   64: fonts, i.e., it works, but does not produce best quality on better
   65: printers)), or say
   66: 
   67: make gforth.dvi
   68: 
   69: and print the resulting file gforth.dvi. You can also get the
   70: documentation in HTML format by typing
   71: 
   72: make html
   73: 
   74: 		Multiple Versions and Deinstallation
   75: 
   76: Several versions of Gforth can be installed and used at the same
   77: time. Version `foo' can be invoked with `gforth-foo'. We recommend to
   78: keep the old version for some time after a new one has been installed.
   79: 
   80: You can deinstall this version of Gforth with 'make uninstall' and
   81: version foo with 'make uninstall VERSION=foo'. 'make uninstall' also
   82: tells you how to uninstall Gforth completely.
   83: 
   84: 			A Possible Problem
   85: 
   86: You need to read this only if you see a message like
   87: 
   88: "gforth: Cannot load nonrelocatable image (compiled for address 0x1234) at address 0x5678
   89: The Gforth installer should look into the INSTALL file"
   90: 
   91: Gforth supports both relocatable and fixed-address images. If you load
   92: normal Forth code and save the image, you get a fixed-address
   93: image. Producing a relocatable image is more difficult.
   94: 
   95: Therefore, Gforth has only a relocatable image of the kernel
   96: (kernal.fi), which is powerful enough to load the rest of
   97: Gforth. However, loading the rest takes a noticable amount of time. To
   98: avoid this delay (which would occur on every startup), the
   99: installation procedure produces an image fixed at an address
  100: determined at the Gforth run that produced the image. This
  101: fixed-address image is loaded by default. On most OSs this works,
  102: because the first chunk of memory is always allocated at the same
  103: address. If the address changes, you get the message above.
  104: 
  105: An image address change can be caused by a change of the gforth
  106: executable, or by a change (upgrade) of the OS; in these cases you
  107: just have to rebuild and reinstall the fixed address image with
  108: 
  109: rm gforth.fi; make gforth.fi; make install
  110: 
  111: If you get such a message with a different address in place of the
  112: 0x5678 each time you try to start gforth, you cannot use fixed-address
  113: images on your OS. In this case, send us a message so that we start
  114: searching for a comfortable solution to this problem. In the
  115: meantime, start gforth with
  116: 
  117: gforth -i kernal.fi startup.fs
  118: 

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