File:  [gforth] / gforth / INSTALL.DOS
Revision 1.8: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Sun Mar 9 12:54:31 2003 UTC (16 years, 6 months ago) by anton
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: v0-7-0, v0-6-2, v0-6-1, v0-6-0, HEAD
added copyright messages to a lot of files
removed some obsolete or non-source files

    1: Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    2: This file is free documentation; the Free Software Foundation gives
    3: unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
    4: 
    5: MS-DOS:
    6: 
    7: You need DJ Delorie's port of GCC to DOS (DJGPP 2.0) to compile
    8: Gforth. DJGPP provides a DPMI client that allows to use the 32-bit
    9: features of the 80386, but on the other hand it requires at least a
   10: 386. A DPMI host is also part of the DJGPP 2.0 package, this is
   11: required if you don't have a DPMI host yourself (Windows/OS/2/Linux
   12: DOS-box, Quemm or others).
   13: 
   14: First run
   15: 
   16: config
   17: 
   18: config has the following useful parameters:
   19:   --enable-force-reg      Use explicit register declarations if they appear in
   20:                           the machine.h file. This can cause a good speedup,
   21:                           but also incorrect code with some gcc versions on
   22:                           some processors (default disabled).
   23:   --enable-direct-threaded      Force direct threading. This may not work on
   24:                                 some machines and may cause slowdown on others.
   25:                                 (default disabled)
   26:   --enable-indirect-threaded    Force indirect threading. This can cause a
   27:                                 slowdown on some machines.
   28:                                 (default enabled)
   29: 
   30: OS/2:
   31: 
   32: You need EMX 0.9c to compile Gforth. The EMX package provides all
   33: necessary Unix-like tools, tty and signal handling.
   34: 
   35: Windows 95/Windows NT:
   36: 
   37: You need the Cygnus Win32 package. This package currently is only in
   38: beta test, so expect bugs and quirks.
   39: 
   40: If you don't want to install the DJGPP, CYGWIN32 or EMX package (quite
   41: large), look for a binary distribution of Gforth for DOS, Win32 or
   42: OS/2.
   43: 
   44: You also must have a version of GNU make, because DOS/Win32/OS/2 make
   45: programs are likely to have problems with the Makefile. If you want to
   46: change Gforth, you may need GNU m4, too. Because DJGPP provides some
   47: use of long filenames under Windows 95, you should unpack the gforth
   48: package with a Windows-95-aware archiver (those from DJGPP or the
   49: Cygnus Win32-package come in mind), because otherwise gforth will not
   50: find the necessary files. With MS-DOS versions prior 7.0 or DR-DOS,
   51: these names are cut due to the 8.3 rule. This might confuse DJGPP
   52: 2.0's make, you could use DJGPP 1.x's make instead. Gforth 0.4.0
   53: hasn't been compiled with a MS-DOS prior 7.0.
   54: 
   55: Compiling under DOS or OS/2 has a number of quirks, and if it doesn't
   56: compile out of the box, you should know what you do. I therefore
   57: discourage unexperienced users to compile gforth themselves. There's a
   58: binary package for it anyway.
   59: 
   60: Compiling using CygWin32 works a bit better, but there are still
   61: quirks. The package allows to "mount" Windows directories under
   62: typical unix locations. E.g. I installed the package in E:\cygnus, and
   63: then I mount /usr, /usr/local and /bin with
   64: 
   65: ./mount e:/cygnus /usr
   66: ./mount e:/cygnus/H-i386-cygwin32 /usr/local
   67: ./mount e:/cygnus/H-i386-cygwin32/bin /bin
   68: 
   69: once. Each time I start CygWin32's bash, I set up the following variables:
   70: 
   71: export TMPDIR=/usr/tmp
   72: export COMPILER_PATH=/usr/local/lib/gcc-lib/i386-cygwin32/cygnus-2.7.2-970404
   73: export LIBRARY_PATH="/usr/lib;/usr/local/lib"
   74: export C_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/local/i386-cygwin32/include
   75: export GCC_DEFAULT_OPTIONS="-specs=$COMPILER_PATH/specs"
   76: export PATH=/bin:.:$PATH
   77: 
   78: Write this into a script and source it in at each bash invocation, or
   79: put it into your .bashrc.
   80: 
   81: If you don't bother and want to make it yourself, type
   82: 
   83: configure
   84: 
   85: configure has the following useful parameters:
   86:   --enable-force-reg      Use explicit register declarations if they appear in
   87:                           the machine.h file. This can cause a good speedup,
   88:                           but also incorrect code with some gcc versions on
   89:                           some processors (default disabled).
   90:   --enable-direct-threaded      Force direct threading. This may not work on
   91:                                 some machines and may cause slowdown on others.
   92:                                 (default disabled)
   93:   --enable-indirect-threaded    Force indirect threading. This can cause a
   94:                                 slowdown on some machines.
   95:                                 (default enabled)
   96: 
   97: After covering all inconveniences, type
   98: 
   99: make
  100: 
  101: Now you can check whether your shiny new Forth system works. Say
  102: 
  103: make test
  104: 
  105: You can run some benchmarks with
  106: 
  107: make bench
  108: 
  109: and compare them with the results in Benchres and in the manual. DOS
  110: and OS/2 don't allow to run the benchmarks, since the command TIME
  111: means something different there.
  112: 
  113: Don't try to do "make install" there, it won't work, either. It is not
  114: possible to "make dist" or "make bindist", too, because of the
  115: limitations of DOS command lines.
  116: 
  117: Add the following entry to your Autoexec.bat:
  118: 
  119: SET GFORTHPATH=<your gforth source directory>;.
  120: 
  121: Use / instead of \ in your gforth source directory. Gforth now uses
  122: ';' as path separator for DOS and OS/2 (not for Cygwin32), so you
  123: won't have problems with DOS pathes that may contain ':', which is the
  124: default path separator in Unix. Use ~+ for the current directory.
  125: 
  126: For paper documentation, print gforth.ps (a Postscript file (300dpi
  127: fonts, i.e., it works, but does not produce best quality on better
  128: printers)), or say
  129: 
  130: make gforth.dvi
  131: 
  132: and print the resulting file gforth.dvi (you need TeX for that! But
  133: with TeX you can print it even if you don't have a Postscript printer
  134: nor Ghostscript).  You could be able to make a HTML version of the
  135: document, but AFAIK there is no texi2html for DOS available, as there
  136: is no perl available. You should get the HTML pages from the same
  137: location where you got Gforth or from
  138: 
  139: http://www.complang.tuwien.ac.at/forth/gforth/
  140: or
  141: ftp://ftp.complang.tuwien.ac.at/pub/forth/gforth/

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